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1873 Spanish general election

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1873 Spanish general election

← August 1872 10 May 1873 1876 →

All 383 seats of the Congress of Deputies
192 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Francesc Pi i Margall Cristino Martos y Balbí Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (with Francisco Serrano)
Party FDRP Independent radicals Constitutional and conservative independents
Leader's seat Barcelona Madrid Madrid
Seats won 346 20 7
Seat change Increase268 Decrease254 Decrease7
Percentage 90.34% 5.22% 1.83%
Swing Increase70.39 Decrease68.56 Decrease1.75

Spanish Congress of Deputies, after the election

Prime Minister before election

Estanislao Figueras
Federal Democratic Republican Party

Prime Minister after election

Francesc Pi i Margall
Federal Democratic Republican Party

General elections to the Cortes Generales were held in Spain on May 10, 1873. At stake were all 383 seats in the Congress of Deputies. The Federal Democratic Republican Party won the elections.


The elections were held with universal male suffrage. The 1873 were both the first and last of the brief 1st Spanish Republic. The elections, however, were held in very unorthodox conditions and drew a very low turnout, as neither the Carlist or alfonsist monarchists participated in the elections. The same happened with centralist and unitarian Republicans, or even the incipient labor organizations affiliated with the 1st International, that held a boycott campaign. Those were possibly the election with the lowest turnout in the history of Spain. In Catalonia only the 25% of the electorate voted. In Madrid the 28%. This left the republic with a serious lack of legitimacy.


Party Seats Difference Leader
Federal Democratic Republican Party 346 Increase268 Francesc Pi i Margall
Independent radicals 20 Decrease254 Cristino Martos y Balbí
Constitutional Party and conservative independents 7 Decrease7 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta;
Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Independent monarchists 3 Decrease6 Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Independent republicans ("Unitarians") 1 Decrease1
Other 6 Decrease5
Total 391