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1871 Spanish general election

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1871 Spanish general election

← 1869 8 March 1871 April 1872 →

All 391 seats of the Congress of Deputies
196 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Francisco Serrano y Domínguez Francesc Pi i Margall Agustín Crespí de Valldaura
Party Progressive-Liberal coalition FDRP CMC
Leader's seat Madrid Barcelona Villadiego
Seats won 235 52 51
Seat change Decrease1 Decrease33 Increase31
Percentage 60.10% 13.03% 13.04%
Swing Decrease6.95 Decrease10.85 Increase7.40

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Alejandro Mon y Menéndez Antonio Cánovas del Castillo Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
Party Moderate Conservative Partidaries of Montpensier
Leader's seat Madrid Madrid Madrid
Seats won 18 9 9
Seat change new party new party new party
Percentage 4.60%
Swing new party

Spanish Congress of Deputies, after the election

Prime Minister before election

Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Liberal Union

Prime Minister after election

Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Liberal Union

General elections to the Cortes Generales were held in Spain on the 8 March 1871. At stake were all 391 seats in the Congress of Deputies. The Progressive-Liberal coalition won the elections.


General elections of Spain of 1871 were held on March 8 under universal male suffrage. The elections were the first held during the brief reign of Amadeo I, once the Spanish Constitution of 1869 was approved. Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, a member of the Liberal Union (part of the Progressive-Liberal coalition), was the prime minister before the elections.


Party Seats Difference Leader
Progressive-Liberal coalition 235 Decrease1 General Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Federal Democratic Republican Party 52 Decrease31 Francesc Pi i Margall
Catholic-Monarchist Communion 51 Increase31 Agustín Crespí de Valldaura y Caro, Count of Orgaz
Moderate Party 18 Increase18 Alejandro Mon y Menéndez
Conservative Party 9 Increase9 Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Partidaries of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier 9 Increase9 Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
Other 17 Increase9
Total 391