List of Georgian battles

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This is a list of the most important battles in the history of the nation of Georgia.

Date Battle Part of the Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
65 BC Battle of the Pelorus[1] Caucasian campaign of Pompey Kingdom of Iberia Roman Republic Defeat
549 Siege of Petra[2] Lazic War  Byzantine Empire
Lazica
Sasanian Empire Defeat
627-628 Siege of Tbilisi[3] Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628 Sasanian Iberia
Sasanian Empire
 Byzantine Empire
Western Turkic Khaganate
Defeat
737 Battle of Anacopia Umayyad invasion of Georgia[4] Principality of Iberia Umayyad Caliphate Victory
914 Siege of Queli Sajid invasion of Georgia Kingdom of the Iberians Sajid dynasty Defeat
979 Battle of Pankaleia Rebellion of Bardas Skleros  Byzantine Empire
Kingdom of the Iberians
Bardas Skleros Victory
1021 Battle of Shirimni Byzantine–Georgian war (1014-1022)  Kingdom of Georgia
Bagratid Armenia
 Byzantine Empire Defeat
1022 Battle of Svindax Byzantine–Georgian war (1014-1022)  Kingdom of Georgia  Byzantine Empire Defeat
1042 Battle of Sasireti Georgian civil war of 1033-1058  Kingdom of Georgia Duchy of Kldekari
 Byzantine Empire
Defeat
1046 Battle of Ganja Byzantine–Seljuk wars  Byzantine Empire
Duchy of Kldekari
Seljuk Empire Defeat
1074 Battle of Partskhisi Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire Victory
1104 Battle of Ertsukhi Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire
Shaddadids
Victory
1110 Siege of Samshvilde [ka] Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire Victory
1118 Battle of Rakhsi Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire Victory
1120 Battle of Botora Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire Victory
1121 Battle of Didgori Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Seljuk Empire Victory
1122 Siege of Tbilisi David IV Military Campaigns  Kingdom of Georgia Emirate of Tbilisi Victory
1124 Siege of Ani [ka] Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Shaddadids Victory
1173 Siege of Derbent Caspian expeditions of the Rusʹ  Kingdom of Georgia Rus' people
Alans
Kipchaks
Victory
1195 Battle of Shamkor Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Eldiguzids Victory
1202 Battle of Basiani Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Sultanate of Rum Victory
1208-1209 Siege of Archesh [ka] Ayyubid–Georgian wars  Kingdom of Georgia Ayyubid dynasty Victory
1213 Siege of Ganja Georgian–Seljuk wars  Kingdom of Georgia Eldiguzids Victory
1222 Battle of Khunan Mongol invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Mongol Empire Defeat
1225 Battle of Garni Jalal al-Din's invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Khwarazmian Empire Defeat
1228 Battle of Bolnisi Jalal al-Din's invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Khwarazmian Empire Defeat
1243 Battle of Köse Dağ Mongol invasions of Anatolia Mongol Empire
Principality of Khachen
Kingdom of Georgia Georgian mercenaries
Sultanate of Rum
Kingdom of Georgia Georgian auxiliaries
Trapezuntine auxiliaries
Latin mercenaries
Mongol victory
1258 Siege of Baghdad Mongol invasions of the Levant Ilkhanate
 Kingdom of Georgia
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Abbasid Caliphate Victory
1277 Battle of Elbistan Mongol invasions of the Levant Ilkhanate
 Kingdom of Georgia
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Sultanate of Rum
Mamluk Sultanate Defeat
1281 Second Battle of Homs Mongol invasions of the Levant Ilkhanate
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
 Kingdom of Georgia
Sultanate of Rum
Knights Hospitaller
Mamluk Sultanate Defeat
1282 Siege of Trebizond Byzantine–Georgian wars Kingdom of Imereti Empire of Trebizond Defeat
1299 Battle of Wadi al-Khaznadar Mongol invasions of the Levant Ilkhanate
 Kingdom of Georgia
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Mamluk Sultanate Victory
1386 Siege of Tbilisi Timurid invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Timurid empire Defeat
1403 Siege of Birtvisi Timurid invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Timurid empire Defeat
1412 Battle of Chalagan Turkoman invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia
Simsir
Shirvanshah
Qara Qoyunlu Defeat
1444 Battle of Akhaltsikhe [ka] Turkoman invasions of Georgia  Kingdom of Georgia Qara Qoyunlu Status quo ante bellum
1463 Battle of Chikhori Collapse of the Georgian realm  Kingdom of Georgia Kingdom of Imereti Defeat
1483 Battle of Aradeti Collapse of the Georgian realm  Kingdom of Georgia Principality of Samtskhe Defeat
1520 Battle of Mokhisi War of the Kakhetian Succession Principality of Guria Kingdom of Kartli Gurian victory
1535 Battle of Murjakheti Kingdom of Imereti
Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Guria
 Principality of Samtskhe Victory
1543 Battle of Karagak Georgian–Ottoman wars Kingdom of Imereti Ottoman Empire Victory
1545 Battle of Sokhoista Georgian–Ottoman wars Kingdom of Imereti
Kingdom of Kartli
Principality of Guria
Ottoman Empire Defeat
1556 Battle of Garisi Georgian–Safavid wars Kingdom of Kartli  Safavid Empire Victory
1567 Battle of Digomi Georgian–Safavid wars Kingdom of Kartli  Safavid Empire Victory
1578 Battle of Çıldır Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590)  Safavid Empire Ottoman Empire Defeat
1599 Battle of Nakhiduri Georgian–Ottoman wars Kingdom of Kartli Ottoman Empire Defeat
1609 Battle of Tashiskari Georgian–Ottoman wars Kingdom of Kartli Ottoman Empire Victory
1615 Battle of Tsitsamuri Abbas I's Kakhetian and Kartlian campaigns  Kingdom of Kakheti  Safavid Empire Victory
1625 Battle of Aghaiani Kartli-Kakhetian Uprising (1625) Kingdom of Kartli  Safavid Empire Defeat
1625 Battle of Martqopi Kartli-Kakhetian Uprising (1625) Kingdom of Kartli  Safavid Empire Victory
1625 Battle of Marabda Kartli-Kakhetian Uprising (1625) Kingdom of Kartli  Safavid Empire Defeat
1626 Battle of Bazaleti Civil War  Kingdom of Kakheti Giorgi Saakadze Victory
1659 Battle of Bakhtrioni Georgian–Safavid wars  Kingdom of Kakheti Safavid Empire Inconclusive
1739 Battle of Karnal[5][6] Nader Shah's invasion of India Afsharid Empire
 Kingdom of Kakheti
Mughal Empire
Hyderabad
Oudh
Victory
1751 Battle of Kirkhbulakh Azad Khan's invasion of Erivan Khanate Kingdom of Kartli
 Kingdom of Kakheti
Azad Khan Afghan Victory
1755 Battle of Kvareli Lekianoba Kingdom of Kartli
 Kingdom of Kakheti
Avar Khanate Victory
1757 Battle of Khresili[7] Georgian–Ottoman wars Kingdom of Imereti
Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Guria
Principality of Abkhazia (Samurzakano)
Ottoman Empire Victory
1770 Battle of Aspindza Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774) Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti Ottoman Empire Victory
1774 Battle of Chkheri Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774) Kingdom of Imereti Ottoman Empire Victory
1778/79 Battle of Ghartiskari Lekianoba Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti Lezgin marauders Victory
1779 Battle of Rukh Georgian–Ottoman wars Kingdom of Imereti
Principality of Guria
Principality of Mingrelia
Ottoman Empire Victory
1795 Battle of Krtsanisi Qajar invasion of Kartli-Kakheti Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti
Kingdom of Imereti
Qajar Iran
Defeat
1809 Battle of Maltakva Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812) Russian Empire
Principality of Guria
Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Abkhazia
Ottoman Empire Victory
1841 Battle of Gogoreti Rebellion in Guria (1841)  Russian Empire Gurian rebels Victory
1853 Battle of Akhaltsikhe Crimean War  Russian Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
1854 Battle of Nigoiti Crimean War  Russian Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
1854 Battle of Choloki Crimean War  Russian Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
1918 Battle of Choloki World War I Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic Transcaucasian Commissariat  Ottoman Empire Victory
1918 Battle of Mokvi [ka] Sochi conflict  Democratic Republic of Georgia  Ottoman Empire Victory
1919 Battle of Sochi [ka] Sochi conflict  Democratic Republic of Georgia  White movement Defeat
1919 Battle of Gagra Sochi conflict  Democratic Republic of Georgia  White movement Victory
1919 Battle of Artvin Turkish war of independence  Democratic Republic of Georgia  Turkish provisional government Victory
1921 Siege of Tbilisi [ka] Red Army invasion of Georgia  Democratic Republic of Georgia  Russian SFSR Defeat
1921 Battle of Osiauri [ka] Red Army invasion of Georgia  Democratic Republic of Georgia  Russian SFSR Defeat
1921 Battle of Surami [ka] Red Army invasion of Georgia  Democratic Republic of Georgia  Russian SFSR Defeat
1921 Battle of Batumi Red Army invasion of Georgia  Democratic Republic of Georgia Turkish Provisional Government Victory
1992 Battle of Sokhumi War in Abkhazia (1992-1993)  Georgia  Abkhazia Victory
1992 Battle of Gagra War in Abkhazia (1992-1993)  Georgia  Abkhazia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
Defeat
1992 Battle of Ochamchire War in Abkhazia (1992-1993)  Georgia  Abkhazia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
Victory
1992-1993 Siege of Tkvarcheli War in Abkhazia (1992-1993)  Georgia  Abkhazia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
Defeat
1993 Battle of Gumista War in Abkhazia (1992-1993)  Georgia  Abkhazia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
 Russia
Victory
  • Abkhaz separatists fail to capture Sokhumi
1993 Battle of Sokhumi War in Abkhazia (1992-1993)  Georgia  Abkhazia Defeat
1993 Battle of Poti Georgian Civil War Georgia (country) State Council
 Russia
Georgia (country) Zviadists Zviadist defeat
2008 Battle of Tskhinvali Russo-Georgian War  Georgia South Ossetia South Ossetia
 Russia
Defeat
2008 Battle of the Kodori Valley Russo-Georgian War  Georgia Abkhazia Abkhazia
 Russia
Defeat
2008 Battle off the coast of Abkhazia Russo-Georgian War  Georgia  Russia Defeat
2008 Occupation of Gori Russo-Georgian War  Georgia  Russia
South Ossetia South Ossetia
Defeat
2008 Occupation of Poti Russo-Georgian War  Georgia  Russia Defeat

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Appian, p. 103.
  2. ^ Petersen 2013, p. 271.
  3. ^ Kaegi 2003, p. 143.
  4. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (1994), The Making of the Georgian Nation: 2nd edition, p. 28. Indiana University Press, ISBN 0253209153
  5. ^ David Marshall Lang. Russia and the Armenians of Transcaucasia, 1797–1889: a documentary record Columbia University Press, 1957 (digitalised March 2009, originally from the University of Michigan) p. 142.
  6. ^ Valeri Silogava, Kakha Shengelia. "History of Georgia: From the Ancient Times Through the "Rose Revolution" Caucasus University Publishing House, 2007 ISBN 978-9994086160 pp. 158, 278.
  7. ^ Rayfield 2013, p. 240.

Bibliography[edit]