Siege of Tbilisi (1386)

Coordinates: 41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783
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Siege of Tbilisi
Part of the Timurid invasions of Georgia
Date1386
Location41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783
Result Timurid victory
Belligerents
 Kingdom of Georgia  Timurid Empire
Commanders and leaders
Bagrat V Timur
Strength
Unknown 20,000-30,000
Casualties and losses
Heavy Unknown

The siege of Tbilisi was the successful siege of the city of Tbilisi, capital of the Kingdom of Georgia, by the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur, which ended on 22 November 1386. The official history of his reign, Zafarnama, represents this invasion in Georgia as a jihad.

Siege[edit]

In late autumn 1386, a huge army of Timur Invaded Georgia. Timur set out from Kars and assailed Samtskhe, the southernmost principality within the Kingdom of Georgia later in 1386. From there, he marched to Tbilisi which the Georgian king Bagrat V had fortified. Tbilisi was besieged and taken on 22 November 1386, after a fierce fight. The city was pillaged and Bagrat V and his family were imprisoned.

Aftermath[edit]

The Georgian Chronicle and Armenian Thomas of Metsoph mention the apostasy of the king but represent it as a clever ruse which enabled him to earn a degree of trust from Timur. Bagrat was given some 12,000 troops to reestablish himself in Georgia whose government was run by Bagrat's son and co-ruler George VII during his father's absence at Timur's court.[1][2] The old king, however, entered in secret negotiations with George who ambushed Bagrat's Islamic escort, and freed his father.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rene Grousset. "The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia". (1939).
  2. ^ Justin Marozzi. "Tamerlane: Sword of Islam, Conqueror of the World". (2004).
  3. ^ Minorsky, Vladimir, "Tiflis", in: M. Th. Houtsma, E. van Donzel (1993), E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, p. 757. Brill, ISBN 90-04-08265-4.

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Timurid Dynasty Archived 2013-07-02 at the Wayback Machine
  • René Grousset, L'empire des Steppes, versio francesa 1938 reedició 4ª 1965, i versió anglesa 1970. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9
  • Hodong Kim, "The Early History of the Moghul Nomads: The Legacy of the Chaghatai Khanate." The Mongol Empire and Its Legacy. Ed. Reuven Amitai-Preiss i David Morgan. Leiden: Brill, 1998. ISBN 90-04-11048-8
  • Beatrice Forbes Manz, The Rise and Rule of Tamerlane. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1989. ISBN 0-521-63384-2
  • Mirza Muhammad Haidar. The Tarikh-i-Rashidi (A History of the Turks of Central Asia). Traduit per Edward Denison Ross, editat per N. Elias. Londres, 1895.
  • Alexander Mikaberidze. Historical Dictionary of Georgia .
  • Justin Marozzi. "Tamerlane: Sword of Islam, Conqueror of the World". (2004).