Battle of the Kondurcha River

Coordinates: 53°27′N 50°27′E / 53.450°N 50.450°E / 53.450; 50.450
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Battle of the Kondurcha River
Part of the Tokhtamysh–Timur war
Date18 June 1391
Location
Result Timurid victory
Belligerents
Timurid Empire Golden Horde Alans Vainakhs Circassians Russians
Commanders and leaders
Timur
Muhammad Sultan
Umar Shaykh I
Miran Shah
Tokhtamysh

The Battle of the Kondurcha River was the first major battle of the Tokhtamysh–Timur war.[1] It took place at the Kondurcha River, in the Bulgar Ulus of the Golden Horde, in what today is Samara Oblast in Russia. Tokhtamysh's cavalry tried to encircle Timur's army from the flanks. However, the Central Asian army withstood the assault, after which its sudden frontal attack put the Horde troops to flight. However, many of the Golden Horde troops escaped to fight again at Terek.

Timur had previously assisted Tokhtamysh in taking the throne of the White Horde in 1378. In the following years both men grew in power, with Tokhtamysh taking full control of the Golden Horde while Timur expanded his power all over the Middle East. However Timur took Azerbaijan, which Tokhtamysh believed was rightfully Golden Horde territory. He invaded Timurid territory, briefly besieging Samarkand before being chased off by Timur. Timur pursued Tokhtamysh until the latter turned to fight him next to the Kondurcha River.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. (2009-12-23). A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East [6 volumes]: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-85109-672-5.

Sources[edit]

  • "Кондырча буендагы сугыш". Tatar Encyclopaedia (in Tatar). Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.
  • Marozzi, Justin (2004). Tamerlane Sword of Islam, Conqueror of the World. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-711611-X.
  • Hookham, Hilda (1962). Tamburlaine the Conqueror. Hodder and Stoughton.

53°27′N 50°27′E / 53.450°N 50.450°E / 53.450; 50.450