Kingdom of Imereti

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Kingdom of Imereti
იმერეთის სამეფო
1260–1810
Final coat of arms of the Kingdom of Imereti. of Imereti
Final coat of arms of the Kingdom of Imereti.
The Kingdom of Imereti in 1490
The Kingdom of Imereti in 1490
CapitalKutaisi
Common languagesGeorgian
Religion
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
GovernmentMonarchy
King 
• 1260–1293
David IV (first)
• 1789–1810
Solomon II (last)
History 
• Coronation of David I
1260
• Re-Annexation to Georgia
1330
• Restoration
1387
• Independence from Georgia
1455
• Vassal of the Ottoman Empire
29 May 1555
• Vassal of the Russian Empire
25 April 1804
• Russian Annexation
20 February 1810
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Georgia
Russia
Abkhazia
Svaneti
Mingrelia
Guria
Today part ofGeorgia
Royal symbols of Imereti, 1803.
Kingdom of Imereti under Bagrat III after annexing Samtskhe-Saatabago in 1535

The Kingdom of Imereti (Georgian: იმერეთის სამეფო, romanized: imeretis samepo) was a Georgian monarchy established in 1455 by a member of the house of Bagrationi when the Kingdom of Georgia was dissolved into rival kingdoms. Before that time, Imereti was considered a separate kingdom within the Kingdom of Georgia, of which a cadet branch of the Bagrationi royal family held the crown.[1]

The realm was conquered by George V the Brilliant and once again united with the east Kingdom of Georgia.[2] From 1455 onward, however, Imereti became a constant battleground between Georgian and Ottoman forces for several centuries, resulting in the kingdom's progressive decline due to this ongoing instability.These threats pushed local Georgian rulers to seek closer ties with Tsardom of Russia. In 1649, Imereti sent ambassadors to the Russian royal court and Russia returned favor in 1651. In the presence of Russian ambassadors, Alexander III of Imereti swore an oath of allegiance to Tsar Alexis of Russia.[3] However, internal conflicts among Georgian royalty continued and, although Alexander III briefly managed to control all of Western Georgia, this consolidation was short lived. By the time of his death in 1660, Western Georgia was still in a state of flux.[4] In this chaotic period, Archil of Imereti was enthroned and deposed several times. His efforts to secure assistance from Russia and, later, Pope Innocent XII proved unsuccessful and he was finally exiled to Russia.[5]

Under pressure from Pavel Tsitsianov, in 1804 Solomon II of Imereti accepted Russian Imperial suzerainty, only to be deposed entirely in 1810. During the time that Imereti was a vassal state, the Mingrelia, Abkhazia and Guria princedoms declared their independence from Imereti and established their own governments.

Kings of Imereti[edit]

First House of Imereti[edit]

Second House of Imereti[edit]

Prince Alexander of Imereti.

Heads of House of Imereti after 1815[edit]

Since Solomon II of Imereti had no sons, he proclaimed Prince Constantine, son of king David II of Imereti, and his male-line senior descendants as heirs to the throne of the Kingdom of Imereti.

  • Hereditary Prince Constantine (I) (1815–1844), son of king David II
  • Constantine (II) (1844–1885), son of Prince Constantine (I)
  • Mikheil (1885–1888), son of Prince Constantine (II)
  • George (I) (1888–1932), son of Prince Mikheil
  • George (II) (1932–1972), son of Prince George (I), had no issue
  • Constantine (III) (1972-1978), young brother of George (II)
  • Princess Thamar (would have been Head of House from 1978), daughter of Prince Mikheil Imeretinsky (1900-1975), younger brother of Constantine (III)

After the death of Hereditary Prince Constantine (III) (1898–1978), because the male-offspring of this branch came to end, the headship of the House of Bagrationi-Imereti transmitted to Prince Irakli Bagrationi (1925–2013), son of Prince Grigol, the male-line descendant of Prince Bagrat, younger brother of King Solomon I of Imereti (1752–1784).

  • Irakli Bagrationi (1925–2013)
  • David Bagrationi (born 1948) (2013–2017), transmitted his headship to his son
  • Irakli Bagrationi (born 1982) (from 6 May 2017)

References[edit]

  1. ^ This started in 1260 after David VI revolted against Mongol ruler Hulegu Khan and fled to Abkhazia. The Mongolian conquest of Georgia during the 13th century had decentralized and fragmented Georgia, forcing the relocation of governmental centres to the provinces to newly created Kingdom of Western Georgia.
  2. ^ D.M.Lang - Georgia in the Reign of Giorgi the Brilliant (1314–1346), Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 17, pp. 74-91
  3. ^ " ნ. ტოლჩანოვის იმერეთში ელჩობის მუხლობრივი აღწერილობა, 1650-1652", გამოსცა ი. ცინცაძემ, თბ., 1970, გვ. 37-38
  4. ^ მ. რეხვიაშვილი, "დასავლეთ საქართველო XVII საუკუნეში", თბ., 1978
  5. ^ გურამ შარაძე, ბედნიერებისა და სათნოების საუნჯე, თბილისი, გამომცემლობა საბჭოთა საქართველო, 1984: pp. 436-437.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Non-Bagrationi monarch.