National Bank of Georgia

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National Bank of Georgia
საქართველოს ეროვნული ბანკი
National Bank of Georgia
National Bank of Georgia
Headquarters1, Zviad Gamsakhurdia Named Right Bank, Tbilisi, Georgia
EstablishedDecember 31, 1919; 104 years ago (1919-12-31)
(as State Bank of the DRG)
1991; 33 years ago (1991)
(as National Bank of Georgia)[1]
Ownership100% state ownership[2]
Governing bodyBoard of the Bank
GovernorActing Governor: First Vice-Governor Natia Turnava
Central bank ofGeorgia
CurrencyGeorgian lari
GEL (ISO 4217)
Reserves4 116 million USD
Bank rate7.5%[3]

The National Bank of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს ეროვნული ბანკი, Sakartvelos Erovnuli Bank’i) is the central bank of Georgia. Its status is defined by the Constitution of Georgia. According to the Constitution of Georgia, it is independent of state control, and is tasked with ensuring price stability.[4] The supreme body of the National Bank is its council, composed of seven members. The Chairman of the council is the President of the National Bank. The council, in addition to the chairman, is composed of two Vice Presidents and other members. Members of the NBG Council are elected for the seven-year term by the Parliament of Georgia, by the majority of the total number of its members, upon the nomination of the President of Georgia.[4]


The National Bank of Georgia was established on the basis of the Georgian Republican Bank of the State Bank of the USSR in 1991.

Georgia's first central bank was established in 1919. Its first manager was Yason Lordkipanidze, who headed the bank from 1919 to 1924. In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the regulator began to function as an independent institution. Then, by decision of the Supreme Council of Georgia, the National Bank of Georgia was established on the basis of the Soviet financial and credit structure.[5]


Constitution of Georgia[edit]

Article 95[edit]

  • 1.The National Bank of Georgia shall ensure the functioning of the monetary system of Georgia to provide the price stability and supports the financial sector's efficient functioning
  • 2.The National Bank is the bank of all banks, and the banker and fiscal agent of the Georgian Government.
  • 3.The National Bank shall be independent in its activities. Its rights and obligations, procedures of activities, as well as guarantee of its independence shall be determined under the Organic law.
  • 4.The name and unit of money shall be determined by law. The National Bank shall have the sole right to issue money.[4]

Article 96[edit]

  • 1.The highest body of the National Bank of Georgia is the Council of the National Bank, whose members shall be approved by the Parliament, by the majority of the total number of deputies upon the nomination of the President, for the period of seven years. The members of the Council may be dismissed only upon the decision of the Parliament, in accord with Article 64 of this Constitution.
  • 2.The President of the National Bank shall be appointed from the Council members, and relieved of his/her duties by the President of Georgia, upon the nomination of the Council of the National Bank.
  • 3.The National Bank shall be accountable to the Parliament and submit a report on its activities on the annual basis.[4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "National Bank Of Georgia".
  2. ^ Weidner, Jan (2017). "The Organisation and Structure of Central Banks" (PDF). Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek.
  3. ^ "Committee decisions". National Bank of Georgia. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "საქართველოს პარლამენტი".
  5. ^ Национальный банк Грузии: прошлое, настоящее, будущее