President of the Community of Madrid

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President of the
Community of Madrid
Coat of arms of the Community of Madrid
Incumbent
Isabel Díaz Ayuso
since 17 August 2019
StyleExcelentisimo/a señor/a (The Most Excellent)
NominatorAssembly of Madrid
AppointerThe Monarch
countersigned by the Prime Minister
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderJoaquín Leguina
Formation15 June 1983
WebsiteComunidad de Madrid

The president of the Community of Madrid is the highest-ranking officer of the Autonomous Community of Madrid and the head of the executive branch. The office is currently held by Isabel Díaz Ayuso of the People's Party.

Origins and election[edit]

The Royal Post Office is the current seat of the office of the President of Madrid

In the process of the democracy restoration in Spain between 1975–1978, the nationalist and regionalist parties pressed to grant home rule to parts of Spain. Finally, the Constitution stated that any province or group of provinces could form an autonomous community and thus be granted partial home rule. The Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spanish Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid) was created in 1982, and since then regional elections are held every 4 years.

The citizens of the Autonomous Communities of Spain do not elect a person for presidency of their community: but rather they elect the regional legislature, and that legislature elects the regional president. A candidate needs a majority (that is supposed to be loyal to him/her during the whole term) to be elected, but the top-voted party can be denied the right to form the government. This situation, though infrequent in nationwide elections, often happens in local/regional legislatures throughout Spain: the most usual coalition is between the Socialist Party (PSOE) and the United Left (IU).

In Madrid, such a coalition was formed in the 2nd term, in which the incumbent Socialist Joaquín Leguina obtained the most vote but not a majority,[1] once more in the 3rd term, allowing him to remain in office even after having obtained fewer votes than the People's Party (PP), and once more in the 6th term, by the PSOE candidate Rafael Simancas. However, this last coalition ultimately failed due to the dissidence of two PSOE Assembly Members, which denounced the pact with IU as being too wide and unrepresentative of the people's will due to the planned power balance. Elections were repeated after a few weeks and Partido Popular won, then by absolute majority.

Since then, the People's Party victories by absolute majority were repeated in 2007 and 2011's regional elections. After the resignation of President Esperanza Aguirre, nominally due to personal matters in late 2012, her deputy president Ignacio González held the post. The People's Party obtained the most votes in 2015 but lost its absolute majority. Its candidate Cristina Cifuentes was invested president after an agreement with Citizens. She was replaced by her deputy Ángel Garrido when she resigned after evidence of both a fake master's degree and petty shoplifting came out.

List of officeholders[edit]

Governments:

  •   PSOE
  •   PP
  •   Mixed coalition
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Government
Composition
Election Monarch
(Reign)
Ref.
Took office Left office Duration
Joaquín Leguina
(born 1941)
15 June
1983
22 July
1987
12 years and 15 days PSOE Leguina I
PSOE
1983 King
Juan Carlos I

(1975–2014)
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
22 July
1987
13 July
1991
Leguina II
PSOE
1987
13 July
1991
30 June
1995
Leguina III
PSOE
1991
Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón
(born 1958)
30 June
1995
8 July
1999
8 years and 144 days PP Gallardón I
PP
1995 [6]
[7]
[8]
8 July
1999
21 November
2003
Gallardón II
PP
1999
May 2003
Esperanza Aguirre
(born 1952)
21 November
2003
20 June
2007
8 years and 301 days PP Aguirre I
PP
Oct. 2003 [9]
[10]
[11]
[12]
[13]
20 June
2007
16 June
2011
Aguirre II
PP
2007
16 June
2011
17 September
2012
(resigned)
Aguirre III
PP
2011
During this interval, Vice President Ignacio González served as acting officeholder.
Ignacio González
(born 1960)
27 September
2012
25 June
2015
2 years and 271 days PP González
PP
[14]
[15]
[16]
King
Felipe VI

(2014–present)
Cristina Cifuentes
(born 1964)
25 June
2015
25 April
2018
(resigned)
2 years and 304 days PP Cifuentes
PP
2015 [17]
[18]
[19]
[20]
During this interval, Minister of the Presidency Ángel Garrido served as acting officeholder.
Ángel Garrido
(born 1964)
19 May
2018
11 April
2019
(resigned)
327 days PP Garrido
PP
[21]
[22]
[23]
During this interval, Vice President Pedro Rollán served as acting officeholder.
Isabel Díaz Ayuso
(born 1978)
17 August
2019
19 June
2021
4 years and 192 days PP Ayuso I
PPCs until Mar 2021
PP from Mar 2021
2019 [24]
[25]
[26]
19 June
2021
23 June
2023
Ayuso II
PP
2021
23 June
2023
Incumbent Ayuso III
PP
2023

Timeline[edit]

Isabel Díaz AyusoPedro Rollán (politician)Ángel GarridoCristina CifuentesIgnacio González (politician)Esperanza AguirreAlberto Ruiz-GallardónJoaquín Leguina

References[edit]

  1. ^ In fact, even the PSOE-IU coalition was in the minority (47 seats) against the centre-right parties PP and CDS (49), which however could not reach an agreement to rule. Once they did, a situation similar to the 6th term scandal arose, depriving those parties of the majority and allowing President Leguina to continue his minority government.
  2. ^ "Real Decreto 1620/1983, de 14 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Joaquín Leguina Herrán" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (142): 16704. 15 June 1983. ISSN 0212-033X.
  3. ^ "Real Decreto 945/1987, de 20 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Joaquín Leguina Herrán" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (174): 22409. 22 July 1987. ISSN 0212-033X.
  4. ^ "Real Decreto 1083/1991, de 12 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Joaquin Leguina Herrán" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (167): 23385. 13 July 1991. ISSN 0212-033X.
  5. ^ "Real Decreto 1097/1995, de 29 de junio, por el que se declara el cese de don Joaquín Leguina Herrán, como Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (155): 19820. 30 June 1995. ISSN 0212-033X.
  6. ^ "Real Decreto 1098/1995, de 29 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid a don Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (155): 19820. 30 June 1995. ISSN 0212-033X.
  7. ^ "Real Decreto 1196/1999, de 7 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (162): 25930. 8 July 1999. ISSN 0212-033X.
  8. ^ "Real Decreto 1426/2003, de 7 de noviembre, por el que se declara el cese de don Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez como Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (279): 41280. 21 November 2003. ISSN 0212-033X.
  9. ^ "Real Decreto 1427/2003, de 20 de noviembre, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (279): 41280. 21 November 2003. ISSN 0212-033X.
  10. ^ "Real Decreto 809/2007, de 19 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (147): 26823. 20 June 2007. ISSN 0212-033X.
  11. ^ "Real Decreto 836/2011, de 15 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (143): 61775. 16 June 2011. ISSN 0212-033X.
  12. ^ Marcos, José (17 September 2012). "Esperanza Aguirre dimite". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Real Decreto 1360/2012, de 26 de septiembre, por el que se declara el cese de doña Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma como Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (233): 68729. 27 September 2012. ISSN 0212-033X.
  14. ^ "Ignacio González asume la presidencia en funciones de la Comunidad de Madrid". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 17 September 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Real Decreto 1361/2012, de 26 de septiembre, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Jaime Ignacio González González" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (233): 68730. 27 September 2012. ISSN 0212-033X.
  16. ^ "Real Decreto 532/2015, de 24 de junio, por el que se declara el cese de don Jaime Ignacio González González como Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (151): 52630. 25 June 2015. ISSN 0212-033X.
  17. ^ "Real Decreto 533/2015, de 24 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Cristina Cifuentes Cuencas" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (151): 52631. 25 June 2015. ISSN 0212-033X.
  18. ^ Pérez Mendoza, Sofía (25 April 2018). "Cristina Cifuentes dimite como presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  19. ^ "El portavoz Ángel Garrido asume la presidencia de la Comunidad de Madrid en funciones". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 25 April 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Real Decreto 234/2018, de 27 de abril, por el que se declara el cese de doña Cristina Cifuentes Cuencas como Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (103): 46605. 28 April 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
  21. ^ "Real Decreto 329/2018, de 18 de mayo, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid a don Ángel Garrido García" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (122): 52610. 19 May 2018. ISSN 0212-033X.
  22. ^ "Pedro Rollán asume la Presidencia de la Comunidad en funciones tras la dimisión de Garrido" (in Spanish). Telemadrid. 11 April 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  23. ^ "Real Decreto 254/2019, de 12 de abril, por el que se declara el cese de don Ángel Garrido García como Presidente de la Comunidad de Madrid" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (89): 39092. 13 April 2019. ISSN 0212-033X.
  24. ^ "Real Decreto 495/2019, de 16 de agosto, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Isabel Natividad Díaz Ayuso" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (197): 92201. 17 August 2019. ISSN 0212-033X.
  25. ^ "Real Decreto 439/2021, de 18 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Isabel Natividad Díaz Ayuso" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (146): 74544. 19 June 2021. ISSN 0212-033X.
  26. ^ "Real Decreto 542/2023, de 22 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidenta de la Comunidad de Madrid a doña Isabel Natividad Díaz Ayuso" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (149): 88584. 23 June 2023. ISSN 0212-033X.