Mayor-President of Melilla

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Mayor-President of Melilla
Flag of Melilla
Incumbent
Juan José Imbroda
since 7 July 2023
NominatorAssembly of Melilla
AppointerThe Monarch
countersigned by the Prime Minister
Term lengthFour years; no limit.
Inaugural holderIgnacio Velázquez Rivera
Formation14 March 1995

The Mayor-President of the Autonomous City of Melilla (Spanish: Presidente de la Ciudad Autónoma de Melilla) or simply the President of Melilla, is the highest authority of the Spanish autonomous city of Melilla, acting as head of government and as presiding officer of the Assembly of Melilla.

The current and 6th Mayor-President of Melilla is Juan José Imbroda of the Citizens, who has held the office since 7 July 2023 and previously from 20 July 2000 to 15 June 2019. Prior to March 1995, when the enclave's Statute of Autonomy was passed, the city was part of Province of Málaga.

Duties and powers[edit]

The mayor-president has the responsibility to lead the government; appoint the government members; represent the City; convene and preside over the sessions of the Plenary;[1] design, develop and execute the powers entrusted to the autonomous cities by the Constitution; dictate regulations; execute the budget; head the civil service and hire, fire or sanction the personnel at its service; head the local police; lead the urban planning; exercise all judicial actions to defend the interests of the City; and adopt all necessary measures in case of catastrophe.[2]

Election[edit]

The election system follows the general guidelines of all mayoral elections. The citizens vote for the local assemblies or councils on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the corresponding municipality and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The mayor-president is in turn elected by the plenary Assembly of Melilla, with a legal clause providing for the candidate of the most-voted party to be automatically elected to the post in the event no other candidate is to gather an absolute majority of votes.[3]

Cessation[edit]

The general cases of cessation are death, incapacitation or resignation.

As in the regional or State governments, the mayor-president can be removed by a vote of no confidence approved by the majority of the local assembly. This motion necessarily needs to proposed an alternative candidate, being a constructive vote of no confidence.[3]

The mayor-president itself can also propose a vote of confidence in order to pass a relevant legislation and if the mayor-president fails to overcome the motion, the mayor must submit his resignation. The mayor-president can't propose more than one vote of confidence per year and this kind of motions can't be proposed on the last year of legislature.[3]

In both processes, the mayor-president can not preside over the session, so it will correspond to one of the Vice Presidents of the Assembly.[1]

List of Mayor-Presidents of Melilla[edit]

For a list of leaders in the period prior to Melilla becoming an autonomous community (before 1995), see: List of governors of Melilla

Governments:

  •   PP
  •   Mixed coalition
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Government
Composition
Election Monarch
(Reign)
Ref.
Took office Left office Duration
Ignacio Velázquez Rivera
(born 1953)
14 March
1995
3 March
1998
(censured)
2 years and 354 days PP Velázquez
PP
1995 King
Juan Carlos I

(1975–2014)
[4]
[5]
Enrique Palacios Hernández
(born 1952)
3 March
1998
5 July
1999
1 year and 124 days Independent Palacios
PSOECpMUPM
[6]
[7]
Mustafa Aberchán
(born 1959)
5 July
1999
19 July
2000
(censured)
1 year and 14 days CpM Aberchán
CpMGILPIM
1999 [8]
[9]
Juan José Imbroda
(born 1944)
19 July
2000
14 June
2003
19 years and 345 days UPM Imbroda I
UPMPP
[10]
[11]
[12]
[13]
[14]
[15]
14 June
2003
6 July
2007
PP Imbroda II
PP
2003
6 July
2007
1 July
2011
Imbroda III
PP
2007
1 July
2011
3 July
2015
Imbroda IV
PP
2011 King
Felipe VI

(2014–present)
3 July
2015
15 June
2019
Imbroda V
PPPPL
2015
Eduardo de Castro
(born 1957)
15 June
2019
7 July
2023
4 years and 22 days Cs de Castro
CsCpMPSOE until Apr 2021
CpMPSOE from Apr 2021
2019 [16]
[17]
Independent
Juan José Imbroda
(born 1944)
7 July
2023
Incumbent 283 days PP Imbroda VI
PP
2023 [18]

Timeline[edit]

Juan José ImbrodaEduardo de CastroMustafá AberchánEnrique PalaciosIgnacio Velázquez

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Título I. De la Organización Institucional de la Ciudad de Melilla - Estatuto Autonomía". www.congreso.es. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
  2. ^ "1985 Local Regime Bases Act". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-06-16.
  3. ^ a b c "1985 General Electoral Regime Organic Act". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-06-16.
  4. ^ "Real Decreto 1047/1995, de 19 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la ciudad de Melilla a don Ignacio Velázquez Rivera" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (146). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 18469. 20 June 1995. ISSN 0212-033X.
  5. ^ "Real Decreto 337/1998, de 3 de marzo, por el que se dispone el cese de don Ignacio Velázquez Rivera como Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (54). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 7416. 4 March 1998. ISSN 0212-033X.
  6. ^ "Real Decreto 338/1998, de 3 de marzo, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Enrique Palacios Hernández" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (54). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 7416. 4 March 1998. ISSN 0212-033X.
  7. ^ "Real Decreto 1193/1999, de 5 de julio, por el que se declara el cese de don Enrique Palacios Hernández, como Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (160). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 25656. 6 July 1999. ISSN 0212-033X.
  8. ^ "Real Decreto 1194/1999, de 5 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Mustafa Hamed Moh-Mohamed" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (160). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 25656. 6 July 1999. ISSN 0212-033X.
  9. ^ "Real Decreto 1379/2000, de 19 de julio, por el que se declara el cese de don Mustafa Hamed Moh-Mohamed como Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (173). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 25889. 20 July 2000. ISSN 0212-033X.
  10. ^ "Real Decreto 1380/2000, de 19 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Juan José Imbroda Ortiz" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (173). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 25889. 20 July 2000. ISSN 0212-033X.
  11. ^ "Real Decreto 734/2003, de 16 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Juan José Imbroda Ortiz" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (144). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 23156. 17 June 2003. ISSN 0212-033X.
  12. ^ "Real Decreto 964/2007, de 9 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Juan José Imbroda Ortiz" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (164). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 29530. 10 July 2007. ISSN 0212-033X.
  13. ^ "Real Decreto 972/2011, de 4 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Juan José Imbroda Ortiz" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (159). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 70902. 5 July 2011. ISSN 0212-033X.
  14. ^ "Real Decreto 630/2015, de 6 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Juan José Imbroda Ortiz" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (161). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 56393. 7 July 2015. ISSN 0212-033X.
  15. ^ "Real Decreto 387/2019, de 18 de junio, por el que se declara el cese de don Juan José Imbroda Ortiz como Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (146). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 64576. 19 June 2019. ISSN 0212-033X.
  16. ^ "Real Decreto 389/2019, de 18 de junio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Eduardo de Castro González" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (146). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 64578. 19 June 2019. ISSN 0212-033X.
  17. ^ "Real Decreto 604/2023, de 7 de julio, por el que se declara el cese de don Eduardo de Castro González como Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (162). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 99184. 8 July 2023. ISSN 0212-033X.
  18. ^ "Real Decreto 605/2023, de 7 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente de la Ciudad de Melilla a don Juan José Imbroda Ortiz" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (162). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: 99186. 8 July 2023. ISSN 0212-033X.

Sources[edit]

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