First government of Francisco Franco

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1st government of Francisco Franco

Government of Spain
1938–1939
Date formed31 January 1938
Date dissolved9 August 1939
People and organisations
Head of StateFrancisco Franco
Prime MinisterFrancisco Franco
Deputy Prime MinisterFrancisco Gómez-Jordana
No. of ministers11[a] (1938–1939)
10[a] (1939)
Total no. of members11[a]
Member party  National Movement (Military, FET–JONS, nonpartisans)
Status in legislatureOne-party state
History
Budget(s)1939
PredecessorTechnical State Junta (Nationalist)
National Defence Council (Republican)
SuccessorFranco II

The first government of Francisco Franco was formed on 31 January 1938 during the Spanish Civil War, shortly after having been proclaimed as Head of State of Spain.[1][2] It succeeded the Technical State Junta in the Nationalist zone—eventually, it would also take over from the Republican National Defence Council at the end of the war—and was the Government of Spain from 31 January 1938 to 9 August 1939,[b] a total of 555 days, or 1 year, 6 months and 9 days.

A war cabinet,[3] it was made up of members from various factions that would go on to form the National Movement: the FET y de las JONS party—the only legal political party in the Nationalist zone after the approval of the Unification Decree in April 1937—and the military, as well as a number of aligned-nonpartisan figures.

Council of Ministers[edit]

The Council of Ministers was structured into the office for the prime minister and 11 ministries.[2][4]

Franco I Government
(31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939)
Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Head of State
Prime Minister
Francisco Franco Military 30 January 1938 9 June 1973 [1]
[2]
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Francisco Gómez-Jordana Military 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 [5]
[6]
Minister of Justice Tomás Domínguez Arévalo FET–JONS 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 [7]
Minister of National Defence Fidel Dávila Arrondo Military 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 [8]
Minister of Public Order Severiano Martínez Anido Military 31 January 1938 24 December 1938† [9]
Minister of the Interior Ramón Serrano Suñer FET–JONS 31 January 1938 2 February 1938 [10]
Minister of Finance Andrés Amado Reygondaud Nonpartisan 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 [11]
Minister of Industry and Trade Juan Antonio Suanzes Nonpartisan 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 [12]
Minister of Agriculture Raimundo Fernández-Cuesta FET–JONS 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 [13]
Minister of National Education Pedro Sainz Rodríguez Nonpartisan 31 January 1938 28 April 1939 [14]
Minister of Public Works Alfonso Peña Boeuf Nonpartisan 31 January 1938 20 July 1945 [15]
Minister of Trade Union Organization and Action Pedro González Bueno FET–JONS 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 [16]

Changes February 1938[edit]

Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Minister of the Interior
Secretary of the Government of the State
Ramón Serrano Suñer FET–JONS 2 February 1938 1 January 1939 [17]

Changes December 1938[edit]

Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Minister of Public Order Francisco Gómez-Jordana served in interim capacity from 23 December 1938 to 1 January 1939.[18]

Changes January 1939[edit]

Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Minister of Governance
Secretary of the Government of the State
Ramón Serrano Suñer FET–JONS 1 January 1939 18 October 1940 [4]
Minister of Public Order[c] Disestablished on 1 January 1939.[4]

Changes April 1939[edit]

Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Minister of National Education Tomás Domínguez Arévalo served in interim capacity from 28 April to 9 August 1939.[19]

Changes June 1939[edit]

Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Minister of Governance Fidel Dávila Arrondo served in interim capacity from 1 to 14 June 1939.[20][21]

Departmental structure[edit]

Francisco Franco's first government was organised into several superior and governing units, whose number, powers and hierarchical structure varied depending on the ministerial department.[2][4]

Unit/body rank
Office
(Original name)
Portrait Name Took office Left office Alliance/faction Ref.

Prime Minister's Office[edit]

Prime Minister
(Presidencia del Gobierno)
Francisco Franco 30 January 1938 9 June 1973 National Movement
(Military)
[2]
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () National Service for General Policy and Coordination
Deputy Prime Minister
(Vicepresidencia del Gobierno)
Francisco Gómez-Jordana 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 National Movement
(Military)
[2]
[4]
[22]
[23]
[24]
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of the Deputy Prime Minister's Office
  • () Geographic and Statistical Institute (disest. 3 May 1938)
  • () Geographic and Cadastral Institute (est. 3 May 1938)
  • () National Service for Morocco and Colonies
  • () National Service for Supplies and Transports (until 22 Mar 1938)
See Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Government Secretariat
(Secretaría del Gobierno)
Ramón Serrano Suñer 2 February 1938 21 October 1940 National Movement
(FET–JONS)
[2]
See Ministry of the Interior (2 February 1938 – 1 January 1939)
See Ministry of Governance (1 January – 9 August 1939)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs[edit]

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
(Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores)
Francisco Gómez-Jordana 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 National Movement
(Military)
[2]
[25]
31 January – 16 February 1938
  • () Undersecretariat of Foreign Affairs
  • () National Service for Foreign Policy
  • () National Service for International Treaties
  • () National Service for Relations with the Holy See
  • () National Service for Protocol
16 February 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Foreign Affairs
  • () National Service for Policy and Treaties
  • () National Service for Administrative Affairs

Ministry of Justice[edit]

Ministry of Justice
(Ministerio de Justicia)
Tomás Domínguez Arévalo 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 National Movement
(FET–JONS)
[2]
[26]
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Justice
  • () National Service for Justice
  • () National Service for Registries and Notaries
  • () National Service for Prisons
  • () National Service for Ecclesiastical Affairs

Ministry of National Defence[edit]

Ministry of National Defence
(Ministerio de Defensa Nacional)
Fidel Dávila Arrondo 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 National Movement
(Military)
[2]
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939

Ministry of Public Order[edit]

Ministry of Public Order
(Ministerio de Orden Público)
(until 1 January 1939)
Severiano Martínez Anido 31 January 1938 24 December 1938† National Movement
(Military)
[2]
[27]
Francisco Gómez-Jordana
(interim)
23 December 1938 1 January 1939 National Movement
(Military)
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Public Order
  • () Inspectorate of the Civil Guard
  • () National Service for Security
  • () National Service for Frontiers
  • () National Service for Post and Telecommunication
  • () National Service for Traffic Police

Ministry of Governance[edit]

Ministry of the Interior
(Ministerio del Interior)
(until 1 January 1939)

Ministry of Governance
(Ministerio de la Gobernación)
(from 1 January 1939)

Ramón Serrano Suñer 31 January 1938 18 October 1940 National Movement
(FET–JONS)
[2]
[4]
[24]
31 January 1938 – 1 January 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of the Interior
  • () National Service for Internal Policy
  • () National Service for Local Administration
  • () National Service for Press
  • () National Service for Propaganda
  • () National Service for Tourism
  • () National Service for Devastated Regions and Repairs
  • () National Service for Charity
  • () National Service for Health
  • () National Service for Supplies and Transports (from 22 Mar 1938)
1 January – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of the Interior
    • () National Service for Internal Policy
    • () National Service for Local Administration
    • () National Service for Devastated Regions and Repairs
    • () National Service for Charity and Social Works
    • () National Service for Health
  • () Undersecretariat of Public Order
    • () National Service for Security
    • () National Service for Frontiers
    • () National Service for Post and Telecommunication
    • () National Service for Traffic Police
  • () Undersecretariat for Press and Propaganda
    • () National Service for Press
    • () National Service for Propaganda
    • () National Service for Tourism

Ministry of Finance[edit]

Ministry of Finance
(Ministerio de Hacienda)
Andrés Amado Reygondaud 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)
[2]
[28]
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Finance
  • () National Service for the Comptroller's Office
  • () National Service for the Treasury
  • () National Service for Budgets
  • () National Service for Property and Territorial Contribution
  • () National Service for Public Debt and Passive Classes
  • () National Service for Public Income
  • () National Service for Customs
  • () National Service for Stamp and Monopolies
  • () National Service for State Litigation
  • () National Service for Banking, Currency and Exchange
  • () National Service for Insurance
  • () National Service for the Legal Regime of Public Limited Companies

Ministry of Industry and Trade[edit]

Ministry of Industry and Trade
(Ministerio de Industria y Comercio)
Juan Antonio Suanzes 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)
[2]
[4]
[29]
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Industry and Trade
  • () General Commissariat for Supplies and Transports (est. 10 Mar 1939)
  • () National Service for Industry
  • () National Service for Trade and Tariff Policy
  • () National Service for Mines and Fuels
  • () National Service for Transport Tariffs
  • () National Service for Maritime Communications
  • () National Service for Maritime Fisheries
  • () National Service for Supplies and Transports (from 1 Jan 1939; disest. 10 Mar 1939)

Ministry of Agriculture[edit]

Ministry of Agriculture
(Ministerio de Agricultura)
Raimundo Fernández-Cuesta 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 National Movement
(FET–JONS)
[2]
[30]
[31]
31 January – 6 April 1938
  • () Undersecretariat of Agriculture
  • () National Service for Agriculture
  • () National Service for Forestry
  • () National Service for River Fisheries
  • () National Service for Livestock
  • () National Service for the Economic and Social Reform of the Land
6 April 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Agriculture
    • () National Service for Wheat
  • () National Service for Agriculture
  • () National Service for Livestock
  • () National Service for Forestry, Hunting and River Fisheries
  • () National Service for the Economic and Social Reform of the Land
  • () General Technical Secretariat (est. 16 Jul 1938)

Ministry of National Education[edit]

Ministry of National Education
(Ministerio de Educación Nacional)
Pedro Sainz Rodríguez 31 January 1938 28 April 1939 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)
[2]
Tomás Domínguez Arévalo
(interim)
28 April 1939 9 August 1939 National Movement
(FET–JONS)
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of National Education
  • () National Service for Higher and Secondary Education
  • () National Service for Basic Education
  • () National Service for Professional and Technical Education
  • () National Service for Fine Arts

Ministry of Public Works[edit]

Ministry of Public Works
(Ministerio de Obras Públicas)
Alfonso Peña Boeuf 31 January 1938 20 July 1945 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)
[2]
[32]
[33]
31 January 1938 – 13 May 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Public Works
  • () National Service for Ports and Maritime Signals
  • () National Service for Hydraulic Works
  • () National Service for Roads and Railways (disest. 16 Feb 1938)
  • () National Service for Roads (est. 16 Feb 1938)
  • () National Service for Railways (est. 16 Feb 1938)
13 May – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Public Works
  • () National Service for Roads
  • () National Service for Railways and Road Transport
  • () National Service for Hydraulic Works
  • () National Service for Ports

Ministry of Trade Union Organization and Action[edit]

Ministry of Trade Union Organization
and Action

(Ministerio de Organización y Acción
Sindical)
Pedro González Bueno 31 January 1938 9 August 1939 National Movement
(FET–JONS)
[2]
[34]
31 January 1938 – 9 August 1939
  • () Undersecretariat of Trade Union Organization and Action
  • () National Service for Trade Unions
  • () National Service for Labour Jurisdiction and Harmony
  • () National Service for Social Forecast (disest. 13 May 1938)
  • () National Service for Forecast (est. 13 May 1938)
  • () National Service for Emigration
  • () National Service for Statistics

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Does not include the Prime Minister.
  2. ^ Disputed with the Second Spanish Republic until 1 April 1939.
  3. ^ On 1 January 1939, the Ministry of Public Order was disestablished and its competences transferred to the Governance department.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Decreto núm. 138. Nombrando Jefe del Gobierno del Estado Español al Excelentísimo Sr. General de División don Francisco Franco Bahamonde, quien asumirá todos los poderes del nuevo Estado" (pdf). Boletín Oficial de la Junta de Defensa Nacional de España (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (32): 125–126. 30 September 1936.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Ley organizando la Administración Central del Estado" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (467): 5514–5515. 31 January 1938.
  3. ^ "Breve historia de todos los cambios de Gobierno desde 1938". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 30 October 1969. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ley por la que se modifica la de 30 de enero de 1938, que organizó la Administración Central del Estado" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (183): 3216–3217. 31 December 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  5. ^ "Decreto núm. 453 nombrando Ministro de Vicepresidente del Gobierno de la Nación al Teniente General D. Francisco Gómez Jordana y Sousa" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  6. ^ "Decreto núm. 442 nombrando Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores al Teniente General D. Francisco Gómez Jordana y Sousa" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  7. ^ "Decreto núm. 443 nombrando Ministro de Justicia a D. Tomás Domínguez Arévalo" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  8. ^ "Decreto núm. 444 nombrando Ministro de Defensa Nacional a D. Fidel Dávila Arrondo" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  9. ^ "Decreto núm. 445 nombrando Ministro de Defensa Nacional a D. Severiano Martínez Anido" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  10. ^ "Decreto núm. 446 nombrando Ministro del Interior a D. Ramón Serrano Suñer" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  11. ^ "Decreto núm. 447 nombrando Ministro de Hacienda a D. Andrés Amado y Reygondaud de Villebarder" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  12. ^ "Decreto núm. 448 nombrando Ministro de Industria y Comercio a D. Juan Antonio Suances Fernández" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  13. ^ "Decreto núm. 449 nombrando Ministro de Agricultura a D. Raimundo Fernández Cuesta" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  14. ^ "Decreto núm. 450 nombrando Ministro de Educación Nacional a D. Pedro Sainz Rodríguez" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  15. ^ "Decreto núm. 451 nombrando Ministro de Obras Públicas a D. Alfonso Peña Boeuf" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  16. ^ "Decreto núm. 452 nombrando Ministro de Organización y Acción Sindical a don Pedro González Bueno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (468): 5547. 1 February 1938.
  17. ^ "Decreto nombrando Secretario del Gobierno de la Nación al Ministro del Interior D. Ramón Serrano Suñer" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (472): 5611. 5 February 1938.
  18. ^ "Decreto disponiendo se encargue interinamente del Ministerio de Orden Público el Vicepresidente del Gobierno y Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (177): 3121. 24 December 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  19. ^ "Decreto de 28 de abril de 1939 encargando interinamente del Ministerio de Educación Nacional al Excelentísimo Sr. Tomás Domínguez Arévalo, Ministro de Justicia" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (119): 2293. 29 April 1939. ISSN 0212-033X.
  20. ^ "Decreto de 1 de junio de 1939 encargando interinamente del Ministerio de la Gobernación a don Fidel Dávila Arrondo, Ministro de Defensa Nacional" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (153): 3003. 2 June 1939. ISSN 0212-033X.
  21. ^ "Decreto de 14 de junio de 1939 disponiendo se haga cargo nuevamente del Ministerio de la Gobernación don Ramón Serrano Suñer" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (169): 3320. 18 June 1939. ISSN 0212-033X.
  22. ^ "Decreto reorganizando el servicio de Marruecos y Colonias" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (477): 5707. 10 February 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  23. ^ "Decreto disponiendo la reorganización del Instituto Geográfico y Estadístico" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (561): 7130. 5 May 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  24. ^ a b "Ley disponiendo que el Servicio Nacional de Abastecimientos y Transportes dependa en lo sucesivo del Ministerio del Interior" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (526): 6514. 31 March 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  25. ^ "Decreto organizando los Servicios del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (485): 5836–5837. 18 February 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  26. ^ "Decreto sobre reorganización del Ministerio de Justicia" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (512): 6289–6291. 17 March 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  27. ^ "Decreto organizando los servicios del Ministerio de Orden Público" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (492): 5947–5948. 25 February 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  28. ^ "Decreto reorganizando los servicios dependientes del Ministerio de Hacienda" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (500): 6099–6100. 5 March 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  29. ^ "Ley creando la Comisaría General de Abastecimiento y Transportes" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (71): 1441. 12 March 1939. ISSN 0212-033X.
  30. ^ "Decreto sobre reorganización del Ministerio de Agricultura" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (534): 6676–6677. 8 April 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  31. ^ "Ley creando con carácter provisional, las Comisiones reguladoras de la Producción" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (18): 258–261. 18 July 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  32. ^ "Decreto organizando los Servicios del Ministerio de Obras Públicas" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (484): 5818–5819. 17 February 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  33. ^ "Orden de 13 de mayo de 1939 organizando los diferentes servicios de este Ministerio" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (136): 2672–2673. 16 May 1939. ISSN 0212-033X.
  34. ^ "Decreto disponiendo la organización de los servicios de este Ministerio" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (584): 7581–7582. 29 May 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by Government of Spain
1938–1939
Succeeded by