First government of Adolfo Suárez

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1st government of Adolfo Suárez

Government of Spain
1976–1977
Adolfo Suárez in August 1977.
Date formed8 July 1976
Date dissolved5 July 1977
People and organisations
Head of stateJuan Carlos I
Prime MinisterAdolfo Suárez
Deputy Prime MinistersFernando de Santiago1st, Alfonso Osorio2nd (1976)
Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado1st, Alfonso Osorio2nd (1976–1977)
No. of ministers19[a]
Total no. of members22[a]
Member party  National Movement (Legal associations, military, nonpartisans) (1976–1977)
  UCD (1977)
Status in legislatureOne-party state
History
Legislature term(s)10th Cortes Españolas
Budget(s)1977
PredecessorArias Navarro II
SuccessorSuárez II

The first government of Adolfo Suárez was formed on 8 July 1976, following the latter's appointment as Prime Minister of Spain by King Juan Carlos I on 3 July and his swearing-in on 5 July, as a result of Carlos Arias Navarro's resignation from the post on 1 July 1976.[1][2][3] It succeeded the second Arias Navarro government and was the Government of Spain from 8 July 1976 to 5 July 1977, a total of 362 days, or 11 months and 27 days.[4][5]

Suárez's first cabinet comprised members from the National Movement (with the notable absences of FET y de las JONS and the Opus Dei),[6] but also by members of the reformist 'Tácito' group,[7][8] a number of political associations that could not yet be legalized as parties—such as the Spanish People's Union (UDPE) and the Spanish Democratic Union (UDE)—and the Federation of Independent Studies (FEDISA) political society.[9][10][11] Following the death of dictator Francisco Franco, the regulations of the Cortes Españolas had been amended to allow legislators to group into parliamentary factions, one of whom—the Independent Parliamentary Group (GPI), which would later become the Independent Social Federation (FSI) party—being represented in the Council of Ministers through Rodolfo Martín Villa.[12]

On 7 April 1977, the National Movement and the FET y de las JONS party were officially disbanded,[13][14] and many cabinet members—who had gone their own separate ways to a number of political parties ahead of the 1977 general election—joined into the nascent Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) electoral alliance under Suárez's leadership upon its formation in May 1977.[15][16][17]

Cabinet changes[edit]

Suárez's first government saw a number of cabinet changes during its tenure:

Council of Ministers[edit]

The Council of Ministers was structured into the offices for the prime minister, the two deputy prime ministers and 19 ministries, including one minister without portfolio.

Suárez I Government
(8 July 1976 – 5 July 1977)
Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Prime Minister Adolfo Suárez UDPE/Indep.[b] 5 July 1976 17 June 1977 [28]
First Deputy Prime Minister
Minister without portfolio
Fernando de Santiago Military 8 July 1976 23 September 1976 [29]
[30]
Second Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of the Presidency
Alfonso Osorio UDE 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [29]
[30]
Minister of Foreign Affairs Marcelino Oreja Tácito 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of Justice Landelino Lavilla Tácito 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of the Army Félix Álvarez-Arenas Military 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of the Navy Gabriel Pita da Veiga Military 8 July 1976 15 April 1977 [30]
Minister of Finance Eduardo Carriles UDE 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of Governance Rodolfo Martín Villa GPI 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of Public Works Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo FEDISA 8 July 1976 23 April 1977 [30]
Minister of Education and Science Aurelio Menéndez Nonpartisan 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of Labour Álvaro Rengifo Nonpartisan 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of Industry Carlos Pérez de Bricio FEDISA 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of the Air Carlos Franco Iribarnegaray Military 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of Agriculture Fernando Abril Martorell UDPE/Indep.[b] 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister Secretary-General of the Movement Ignacio García López UDPE/Indep.[b] 8 July 1976 7 April 1977 [30]
Minister of Trade José Lladó UDPE/Indep.[b] 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of Information and Tourism Andrés Reguera UDE 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister of Housing Francisco Lozano Vicente Nonpartisan 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]
Minister for Trade Union Relations Enrique de la Mata UDE 8 July 1976 5 July 1977 [30]

Changes September 1976[edit]

Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
First Deputy Prime Minister for Defence Affairs[c]
Minister without portfolio
Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado Military 23 September 1976 5 July 1977 [31]

Changes April 1977[edit]

Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Minister of the Navy Pascual Pery Military 15 April 1977 5 July 1977 [32]
Minister of Public Works Carlos Pérez de Bricio took on the ordinary discharge of duties from 23 April to 11 May 1977.[33]
Luis Ortiz González Independent 11 May 1977 5 July 1977 [34]
Minister Secretary of the Government[d] Ignacio García López Independent 7 April 1977 5 July 1977 [13]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Does not include the Prime Minister.
  2. ^ a b c d Remained in the cabinet as an unaligned independent after UDPE merged into AP in October 1976.
  3. ^ Following Fernando de Santiago's dismissal as First Deputy Prime Minister on 23 September 1976, the post was rebranded as the post of the First Deputy Prime Minister for Defence Affairs.
  4. ^ On 7 April 1977, the Minister Secretary-General of the Movement was reorganized as the Minister Secretary of the Government.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Adolfo Suárez, nuevo presidente del Gobierno". El País (in Spanish). 4 July 1976. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Puede ser presidente durante cinco años". El País (in Spanish). 4 July 1976. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  3. ^ "El presidente jura su cargo ante el Rey". El País (in Spanish). 6 July 1976. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Hoy podrá Adolfo Suárez formar Gobierno". El País (in Spanish). 7 July 1976. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Los Gobiernos de Suárez". El País (in Spanish). 30 January 1981. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  6. ^ González Yuste, Juan (9 July 1976). "Un Gabinete que se aleja del antiguo régimen". El País (in Spanish). Washington. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  7. ^ "Cinco ministros apoyan la creación de un nuevo partido demócrata-cristiano". El País (in Spanish). 31 August 1976. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Los "tácitos", un producto de la transición". ABC (in Spanish). 3 March 2002. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Filiación política del nuevo gobierno". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 8 July 1976. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Nuevo Gobierno: los propagadistas, al poder". El País (in Spanish). 8 July 1976. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  11. ^ De la Cuadra, Bonifacio (11 July 1976). "El Gobierno Suárez, ante la primera prueba sobre su credibilidad democrática". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  12. ^ Giménez Martínez, Miguel Ángel (2018). "Los reformistas del franquismo en las Cortes: el Grupo Parlamentario Independiente". Revista de Estudios Políticos (in Spanish) (179): 199–230. doi:10.18042/cepc/rep.179.07. hdl:10486/685279. ISSN 0048-7694. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  13. ^ a b c "Real Decreto-ley 23/1977, de 1 de abril, sobre reestructuración de los órganos dependientes del Consejo Nacional y nuevo régimen jurídico de las Asociaciones, funcionarios y patrimonio del Movimiento" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (83): 7768–7770. 7 April 1977. ISSN 0212-033X.
  14. ^ "El yugo y las flechas de Alcalá 44, desmontados". El País (in Spanish). 10 April 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  15. ^ "El presidente del Gobierno candidato por la Unión del Centro". El País (in Spanish). 4 May 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  16. ^ Merino, Julio (20 April 2020). "La historia de UCD a través de Landelino Lavilla, uno de los hombres clave de la Transición". El Cierre Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  17. ^ "3. Partidos políticos que integraron "Unión de Centro Democrático"". Ministry of the Interior (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  18. ^ "Un militar liberal, como segundo del presidente". El País (in Spanish). 23 September 1976. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  19. ^ "Gutiérrez Mellado juró su cargo ante el Rey". El País (in Spanish). 24 September 1976. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Pita da Veiga no estaba conforme con la legalización del Partido Comunista". El País (in Spanish). 13 April 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  21. ^ "El ministro actual que más tiempo ha pemanecido en el cargo". El País (in Spanish). 13 April 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  22. ^ "Nadie anticipó el nombre del almirante Pascual Pery como nuevo ministro de Marina". El País (in Spanish). 15 April 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  23. ^ "Posible reajuste del Gabinete Suárez". El País (in Spanish). 17 April 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  24. ^ "Dimite el ministro de Obras Públicas". El País (in Spanish). 24 April 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  25. ^ "Luis Ortiz, posible ministro de Obras Públicas". El País (in Spanish). 30 April 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  26. ^ "Luiz Ortiz, nuevo ministro de Obras Públicas". El País (in Spanish). 10 May 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  27. ^ "El ministro de Obras Públicas juró su cargo en la Zarzuela". El País (in Spanish). 12 May 1977. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  28. ^ "Real Decreto 1561/1976, de 3 de julio, por el que se designa Presidente del Gobierno a don Adolfo Suárez González" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (160): 13129. 5 July 1976. ISSN 0212-033X.
  29. ^ a b "Real Decreto 1606/1976, de 7 de julio, por el que se nombran Vicepresidentes del Gobierno a don Fernando de Santiago y Díaz de Mendívil y don Alfonso Osorio García" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (163): 13385. 8 July 1976. ISSN 0212-033X.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Real Decreto 1607/1976, de 7 de julio, por el que que se nombran los Ministros del Gobierno" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (163): 13385. 8 July 1976. ISSN 0212-033X.
  31. ^ "Real Decreto 2217/1976, de 22 de septiembre, por el que se nombra Ministro sin cartera y Vicepresidente primero del Gobierno para Asuntos de la Defensa a don Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (229): 18586. 23 September 1976. ISSN 0212-033X.
  32. ^ "Real Decreto 655/1977, de 14 de abril, por el que se nombra Ministro de Marina a don Pascual Pery Junquera" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (80): 8219. 15 April 1977. ISSN 0212-033X.
  33. ^ "Real Decreto 774/1977, de 23 de abril, por el que se dispone que el Ministro de Industria se encargue del Despacho del Departamento de Obras Públicas" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (98): 8901. 25 April 1977. ISSN 0212-033X.
  34. ^ "Real Decreto 1019/1977, de 10 de mayo, por el que se nombra Ministro de Obras Públicas a don Luis Ortiz González" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (112): 10348. 11 May 1977. ISSN 0212-033X.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by Government of Spain
1976–1977
Succeeded by