Eighth government of Francisco Franco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
8th government of Francisco Franco

Government of Spain
1969–1973
Date formed30 October 1969
Date dissolved9 June 1973
People and organisations
Head of StateFrancisco Franco
Prime MinisterFrancisco Franco
Deputy Prime MinisterLuis Carrero Blanco
No. of ministers19[a]
Total no. of members20[a]
Member party  National Movement (Military, FET–JONS, Opus Dei, ACNP, nonpartisans)
Status in legislatureOne-party state
History
Legislature term(s)9th Cortes Españolas
10th Cortes Españolas
Budget(s)1970–71, 1972, 1973
PredecessorFranco VII
SuccessorCarrero Blanco

The eighth[b] government of Francisco Franco was formed on 30 October 1969, after the latter had sacked 13 out of 18 of his ministers—in what was to become the largest cabinet reshuffle in the whole Francoist period—as a result of internal divisions between the various factions within the National Movement and the unveiling of the Matesa scandal earlier that year.[3][4] It succeeded the seventh Franco government and was the Government of Spain from 30 October 1969 to 9 June 1973, a total of 1,318 days, or 3 years, 7 months and 10 days.[5]

Franco's eighth cabinet was made up of members from the different factions or "families" within the National Movement: mainly the FET y de las JONS party—the only legal political party during the Francoist regime—the military, the Opus Dei and the National Catholic Association of Propagandists (ACNP), as well as a number of aligned-nonpartisan technocrats or figures from the civil service.[6][7] It would be the last government under the direct control of Franco, as he would give up the post of prime minister to his deputy Luis Carrero Blanco on 9 June 1973.[8]

Council of Ministers[edit]

The Council of Ministers was structured into the offices for the prime minister, the deputy prime minister and 19 ministries, including two ministers without portfolio.

Franco VIII Government
(30 October 1969 – 9 June 1973)
Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Head of State
Prime Minister
Francisco Franco Military 30 January 1938 9 June 1973 [9]
[10]
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister Undersecretary of the Presidency
Luis Carrero Blanco Military 22 September 1967 9 June 1973 [11]
Minister of Foreign Affairs Gregorio López-Bravo Opus Dei 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [12]
Minister of Justice Antonio María de Oriol FET–JONS 8 July 1965 9 June 1973 [13]
Minister of the Army Juan Castañón de Mena Military 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [14]
Minister of the Navy Adolfo Baturone Colombo Military 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [15]
Minister of Finance Alberto Monreal Luque Nonpartisan 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [16]
Minister of Governance Tomás Garicano ACNP 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [17]
Minister of Public Works Federico Silva Muñoz ACNP 8 July 1965 14 April 1970 [18]
Minister of Education and Science José Luis Villar Palasí Nonpartisan 17 April 1968 9 June 1973 [19]
Minister of Labour Licinio de la Fuente FET–JONS 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [20]
Minister of Industry José María López de Letona Nonpartisan 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [21]
Minister of Agriculture Tomás Allende y García-Baxter FET–JONS 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [22]
Minister of the Air Julio Salvador y Díaz-Benjumea Military 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [23]
Minister of Trade Enrique Fontana Codina Nonpartisan 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [24]
Minister of Information and Tourism Alfredo Sánchez Bella ACNP 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [25]
Minister of Housing Vicente Mortes Opus Dei 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [26]
Minister Secretary-General of the Movement Torcuato Fernández-Miranda Nonpartisan 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [27]
Minister without portfolio
Commissioner for the Economic and Social Development Plan
Laureano López Rodó Opus Dei 8 July 1965 9 June 1973 [28]
Minister without portfolio
National Delegate for Trade Unions
Enrique García-Ramal FET–JONS 30 October 1969 9 June 1973 [29]
[30]

Changes April 1970[edit]

Portfolio Name Faction Took office Left office Ref.
Minister of Public Works Gonzalo Fernández de la Mora Nonpartisan 14 April 1970 9 June 1973 [31]

Departmental structure[edit]

Francisco Franco's eighth government was organised into several superior and governing units, whose number, powers and hierarchical structure varied depending on the ministerial department.

Unit/body rank
Office
(Original name)
Portrait Name Took office Left office Alliance/faction Ref.

Prime Minister's Office[edit]

Prime Minister
(Presidencia del Gobierno)
Francisco Franco 30 January 1938 9 June 1973 National Movement
(Military)
Deputy Prime Minister
(Vicepresidencia del Gobierno)
Luis Carrero Blanco 28 July 1967 9 June 1973 National Movement
(Military)
Minister Undersecretary
of the Presidency

(Ministro Subsecretario
de la Presidencia)
Luis Carrero Blanco 19 July 1951 9 June 1973 National Movement
(Military)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs[edit]

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
(Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores)
Gregorio López-Bravo 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Opus Dei)

Ministry of Justice[edit]

Ministry of Justice
(Ministerio de Justicia)
Antonio María de Oriol 8 July 1965 12 June 1973 National Movement
(FET–JONS)

Ministry of the Army[edit]

Ministry of the Army
(Ministerio del Ejército)
Juan Castañón de Mena 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Military)

Ministry of the Navy[edit]

Ministry of the Navy
(Ministerio de Marina)
Adolfo Baturone Colombo 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Military)

Ministry of Finance[edit]

Ministry of Finance
(Ministerio de Hacienda)
Alberto Monreal Luque 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)

Ministry of Governance[edit]

Ministry of Governance
(Ministerio de la Gobernación)
Tomás Garicano 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(ACNP)

Ministry of Public Works[edit]

Ministry of Public Works
(Ministerio de Obras Públicas)
Federico Silva Muñoz 8 July 1965 14 April 1970 National Movement
(ACNP)
Gonzalo Fernández de la Mora 14 April 1970 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)

Ministry of Education and Science[edit]

Ministry of Education and Science
(Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia)
José Luis Villar Palasí 17 April 1968 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)

Ministry of Labour[edit]

Ministry of Labour
(Ministerio de Trabajo)
Licinio de la Fuente 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(FET–JONS)

Ministry of Industry[edit]

Ministry of Industry
(Ministerio de Industria)
José María López de Letona 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)

Ministry of Agriculture[edit]

Ministry of Agriculture
(Ministerio de Agricultura)
Tomás Allende y García-Baxter 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(FET–JONS)

Ministry of the Air[edit]

Ministry of the Air
(Ministerio del Aire)
Julio Salvador y Díaz-Benjumea 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Military)

Ministry of Trade[edit]

Ministry of Trade
(Ministerio de Comercio)
Enrique Fontana Codina 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)

Ministry of Information and Tourism[edit]

Ministry of Information
and Tourism

(Ministerio de Información
y Turismo)
Alfredo Sánchez Bella 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(ACNP)

Ministry of Housing[edit]

Ministry of Housing
(Ministerio de la Vivienda)
Vicente Mortes 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Opus Dei)

Ministers without portfolio[edit]

Minister Secretary-General
of FET–JONS

(Ministro Secretario General
de FET y de las JONS)
Torcuato Fernández-Miranda 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Nonpartisan)
Minister without portfolio;
Commissioner for the Economic
and Social Development Plan

(Ministro sin cartera; Comisario del
Consejo de Economía Nacional)
Laureano López Rodó 8 July 1965 12 June 1973 National Movement
(Opus Dei)
Minister without portfolio;
National Delegate for Trade Unions
(Ministro sin cartera;
Delegado Nacional de Sindicatos)
Enrique García-Ramal 30 October 1969 12 June 1973 National Movement
(FET–JONS)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Does not include the Prime Minister.
  2. ^ Sources differ on the numbering, depending on whether they consider every cabinet change or just major reshuffles as giving way to a different government. In this sense, some consider the 1969–1973 period as a single government under Franco (the eighth),[1] whereas others split it into two separate ones: 1969–1970 (14th) and 1970–1973 (15th).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Breve historia de los cambios de Gobierno desde 1938". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 9 June 1973. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  2. ^ "Historia de los gobiernos de Franco". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 4 January 1974. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  3. ^ Bustamante, José Manuel (19 January 2007). "¿Qué fue el 'caso Matesa'?". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  4. ^ Noceda, Miguel Ángel (18 July 2019). "El escándalo que erosionó al régimen franquista". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  5. ^ "El Jefe del Estado procede a una amplia reorganización del Gobierno". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 30 October 1969. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Ministros de Franco pertenecientes al Opus Dei". opusdei.org (in Spanish). 2 December 2009. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  7. ^ "Los ministros de Franco que eran del Opus Dei". atreveteasaber.centroeu.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Franco nombra Presidente del Gobierno al almirante Carrero Blanco". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 9 June 1973. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Decreto núm. 138. Nombrando Jefe del Gobierno del Estado Español al Excelentísimo Sr. General de División don Francisco Franco Bahamonde, quien asumirá todos los poderes del nuevo Estado" (pdf). Boletín Oficial de la Junta de Defensa Nacional de España (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (32): 125–126. 30 September 1936.
  10. ^ "Ley organizando la Administración Central del Estado" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (467): 5514–5515. 31 January 1938. ISSN 0212-033X.
  11. ^ "Decreto 2308/1967, de 21 de septiembre, por el que se nombra Vicepresidente del Gobierno a don Luis Carrero Blanco" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (227): 13088. 22 September 1967. ISSN 0212-033X.
  12. ^ "Decreto 2553/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores a don Gregorio López Bravo" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  13. ^ "Decreto 1809/1965, de 7 de julio, por el que se nombra Ministro de Justicia a don Antonio María Oriol y Urquijo" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (162): 9609. 8 July 1965. ISSN 0212-033X.
  14. ^ "Decreto 2554/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro del Ejército a don Juan Castañón de Mena" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  15. ^ "Decreto 2555/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Marina a don Adolfo Baturone Colombo" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  16. ^ "Decreto 2556/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Hacienda a don Alberto Monreal Luque" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  17. ^ "Decreto 2557/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de la Gobernación a don Tomás Garicano Goñi" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  18. ^ "Decreto 1811/1965, de 7 de julio, por el que se nombra Ministro de Obras Públicas a don Federico Silva Muñoz" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (162): 9609. 8 July 1965. ISSN 0212-033X.
  19. ^ "Decreto 701/1968, de 16 de abril, por el que se nombra Ministro de Educación y Ciencia a don José Luis Villar Palasí" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (93): 5702. 17 April 1968. ISSN 0212-033X.
  20. ^ "Decreto 2558/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Trabajo a don Licinio de la Fuente de la Fuente" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  21. ^ "Decreto 2559/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Industria a don José María López de Letona y Núñez del Pino" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  22. ^ "Decreto 2560/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Agricultura a don Tomás Allende y García-Baxter" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  23. ^ "Decreto 2561/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro del Aire a don Julio Salvador y Díaz-Benjumea" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  24. ^ "Decreto 2562/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Comercio a don Enrique Fontana Codina" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  25. ^ "Decreto 2563/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Información y Turismo a don Alfredo Sánchez Bella" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  26. ^ "Decreto 2564/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro de la Vivienda a don Vicente Mortes Alfonso" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16977. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  27. ^ "Decreto 2565/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro Secretario general del Movimiento a don Torcuato Fernández Miranda" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16978. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  28. ^ "Decreto 1814/1965, de 7 de julio, por el que se nombra Ministro sin Cartera a don Laureano López Rodó" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (162): 9609. 8 July 1965. ISSN 0212-033X.
  29. ^ "Decreto-ley 19/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se establece que el Delegado nacional de Sindicatos tendrá la condición de Ministro sin cartera" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16974. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  30. ^ "Decreto 2566/1969, de 29 de octubre, por el que se nombra Ministro sin cartera, Delegado nacional de Sindicatos, a don Enrique García-Ramal Cellalbo" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (260): 16978. 30 October 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  31. ^ "Decreto 1029/1970, de 13 de abril, por el que se nombra Ministro de Obras Públicas a don Gonzalo Fernández de la Mora y Mon" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (89): 5865. 14 April 1970. ISSN 0212-033X.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by Government of Spain
1969–1973
Succeeded by