1913

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1913 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1913
MCMXIII
Ab urbe condita2666
Armenian calendar1362
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԲ
Assyrian calendar6663
Baháʼí calendar69–70
Balinese saka calendar1834–1835
Bengali calendar1320
Berber calendar2863
British Regnal yearGeo. 5 – 4 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar2457
Burmese calendar1275
Byzantine calendar7421–7422
Chinese calendar壬子年 (Water Rat)
4610 or 4403
    — to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4611 or 4404
Coptic calendar1629–1630
Discordian calendar3079
Ethiopian calendar1905–1906
Hebrew calendar5673–5674
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1969–1970
 - Shaka Samvat1834–1835
 - Kali Yuga5013–5014
Holocene calendar11913
Igbo calendar913–914
Iranian calendar1291–1292
Islamic calendar1331–1332
Japanese calendarTaishō 2
(大正2年)
Javanese calendar1842–1843
Juche calendar2
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4246
Minguo calendarROC 2
民國2年
Nanakshahi calendar445
Thai solar calendar2455–2456
Tibetan calendar阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
2039 or 1658 or 886
    — to —
阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
2040 or 1659 or 887

1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1913th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 913th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1913, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

March 12: Australia begins building the new capital of Canberra.

April[edit]

May[edit]

May 29: The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris.

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

The Balkan boundaries after 1913

October[edit]

Nearly-completed Ford Model Ts at the Highland Park Plant
Monument to the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January–February[edit]

Edward Gierek
Loretta Young
Richard Nixon
Gustáv Husák
Lloyd Bridges
Rosa Parks
Jim Backus
Kazimierz Sabbat

March–April[edit]

William J. Casey
René Clément
Paul Erdős
Frankie Laine
Muddy Waters
Haji Zakaria bin Muhammad Amin

May–June[edit]

Stewart Granger
Woody Herman
Peter Cushing
Elton Britt
Alfonso López Michelsen

July[edit]

Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller
Gerald Ford
Red Skelton
Coral Browne
Michael Foot

August[edit]

Makarios III
Menachem Begin
Roger Wolcott Sperry

September–October[edit]

Alan Ladd
Jesse Owens
Stanley Kramer
Silvio Piola
Claude Simon
Robert Capa
Tito Gobbi

November[edit]

Burt Lancaster
Vivien Leigh
Albert Camus
Lon Nol

December[edit]

Mary Martin
Jean Marais
Willy Brandt

Date unknown[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

Gustaf de Laval
Yohan Kazimir Ernrot

March[edit]

Harriet Tubman
King George I of Greece
J. P. Morgan

April[edit]

May[edit]

Tancrède Auguste
Elena Guro

June[edit]

Emily Davison
Nicolás de Piérola

July[edit]

Prince Arisugawa Takehito
Climaco Calderon

August[edit]

Johannes Linnankoski

September[edit]

Rudolf Diesel

October[edit]

Faisal bin Turki
Adolphus Busch
Katsura Tarō

November[edit]

Sava Grujić

December[edit]

Emperor Menelik II
Patriarch Anthimus VII of Constantinople

Nobel Prizes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Επίτομη Ιστορία των Βαλκανικών Πολέμων 1912-1913 [Concise History of the Balkan Wars 1912–1913]. Athens: Hellenic Army General Staff, Army History Directorate. 1987. pp. 125–130.
  2. ^ Erickson, Edward J. (2003). Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913. Westport, CT: Greenwood. pp. 157–158. ISBN 0-275-97888-5.
  3. ^ a b Cottrell, Peter (2009). The War for Ireland, 1913-1923. Oxford: Osprey. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-84603-9966.
  4. ^ Fotakis, Zisis (2005). Greek Naval Strategy and Policy, 1910–1919. London: Routledge. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-415-35014-3.
  5. ^ a b c d Cisneros, Stefany (November 11, 2018). "Francisco I. Madero, ¿quién fue y cuál es su biografía?" [Francisco I. Madero, Who was he, and what is his biography?] (in Spanish). Mexico Desconocido. Archived from the original on May 30, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  6. ^ Service, Robert (2005). Stalin: A Biography. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 90–91.
  7. ^ "Over 200 Lost in Storm". The New York Times. March 8, 1913.
  8. ^ "British Steamer Lost". The Sydney Morning Herald. March 10, 1913. p. 9. Archived from the original on December 7, 2023. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  9. ^ "Ship Blows Up" (PDF). The New York Times. March 8, 1913. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  10. ^ "Study for Woolworth Building, New York". World Digital Library. December 10, 1910. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  11. ^ Kershaw, Ian (2010). Hitler: A Biography. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 45.
  12. ^ Radio Lab, Show 202: "Musical Language" Archived September 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, New York: WNYC (21 April 2006). Host/Producer: Jad Abumrad, Co-Host: Robert Krulwich, Producer: Ellen Horne, Production Executives: Dean Capello and Mikel Ellcessor.
  13. ^ Illies, Florian (2013). 1913: The Year Before the Storm. Melville House. ISBN 978-1-61219-352-6.
  14. ^ "BBC Radio 4 - Woman's Hour - Women's History Timeline: 1910 - 1919". Archived from the original on January 6, 2008. Retrieved November 30, 2007.
  15. ^ Readfearn, Graham (August 17, 2020). "Death Valley temperature rises to 54.4C – possibly the hottest ever reliably recorded". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on August 17, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  16. ^ Leașu, Florin; Nemeț, Codruța; Borzan, Cristina; Rogozea, Liliana (2015). "A novel method to combat the cholera epidemic among the Romanian Army during the Balkan War - 1913". Acta medico-historica Adriatica. 13 (1): 159–170. PMID 26203545.
  17. ^ "Statistics of urban localities (1908–2004)". INE. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 23, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  18. ^ a b Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. p. 94. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  19. ^ "Airman Uses Parachute", New York Times, August 20, 1913.
  20. ^ a b Yeates, Padraig (2009). "The Dublin 1913 Lockout". History Ireland. 9 (2). Archived from the original on September 26, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  21. ^ Crowhurst, Richard (2005). "A History of Firsts: Portsmouth Historic Dockyard". TimeTravel-Britain.com. Archived from the original on July 6, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  22. ^ Shklifov, Blagoy (2011). На кол вода пиехме. Записки за Христовите мъки на българите в Егейска Македония през ХХ век [At stake drinking water, Notes on Christ's passion of Bulgarians in Aegean Macedonia during the twentieth century] (in Bulgarian). Sofia. pp. 51–53.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  23. ^ "Edward Gierek". The Independent. April 11, 2014. Archived from the original on July 28, 2021. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  24. ^ "Rosa Parks | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  25. ^ Duncan Petrie, "Slocombe, (Ralph) Douglas Vladimir (1913–2016)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Jan 2020 available online Archived April 20, 2021, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  26. ^ Gribbin, John (2000). Q is for quantum : an encyclopedia of particle physics. New York: Touchstone. p. 203. ISBN 9780684863153.
  27. ^ Bernard S. Schlessinger; June H. Schlessinger (1996). The Who's who of Nobel Prize Winners, 1901-1995. Oryx Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-0-89774-899-5. Archived from the original on December 7, 2023. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  28. ^ John E. Jessup (1998). An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945-1996. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-313-28112-9. Archived from the original on December 7, 2023. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  29. ^ Roger Sperry; Colwyn B. Trevarthern (January 26, 1990). Brain Circuits and Functions of the Mind: Essays in Honor of Roger Wolcott Sperry, Author. Cambridge University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-521-37874-1. Archived from the original on December 7, 2023. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  30. ^ "Obituaries: Mary Ann DeWeese". The Manhattan Mercury. July 15, 1993. p. 2. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  31. ^ "Kai Setälä - Muistot". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). May 18, 2011. Retrieved February 12, 2024.
  32. ^ Gabroussenko, Tatiana (2010). Soldiers on the Cultural Front: Developments in the Early History of North Korean Literature and Literary Policy. University of Hawai'i Press. pp. 56, 58, 85. ISBN 978-0-8248-3396-1.
  33. ^ Chuku, Gloria (2005). Igbo Women and Economic Transformation in Southeastern Nigeria, 1900-1960. New York & London: Routledge. p. 195. ISBN 0-415-97210-8. Archived from the original on December 7, 2023. Retrieved November 17, 2021 – via Google Books.
  34. ^ "Ex-champ Gardnar Mulloy becomes first Hall of Famer to turn 100". Fox Sports. November 22, 2013. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  35. ^ Colin Larkin, ed. (2002). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Fifties Music (Third ed.). Virgin Books. pp. 175/6. ISBN 1-85227-937-0.
  36. ^ "Suba Zsuzsa". PLM Namespace. Archived from the original on December 7, 2023. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  37. ^ Jessup, John E. (1998). An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 89. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
  38. ^ Schwarz, Ted (1985). Arnold Friberg : the passion of a modern master. Flagstaff, Ariz: Northland Press. p. 1911. ISBN 9780873583466.
  39. ^ "Lieben, Robert von". www.aeiou.at. Archived from the original on April 27, 2022. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  40. ^ Adolphus Busch dies in Prussia Archived January 21, 2022, at the Wayback Machine The New York Times. October 11, 1913

Further reading[edit]

  • Charles Emmerson. 1913: In Search of the World Before the Great War (2013) excerpt and text search; covers 20 major world cities
  • Gilbert, Martin. A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume 1 1900-1933 (1997); global coverage of politics, diplomacy and warfare; pp 269–96.
  • Florian Illies [in French] (2013). 1913: The Year Before the Storm. Melville House. ISBN 978-1-61219-352-6.