1962

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Clockwise from top-left: the 1962 FIFA World Cup is held in Chile and won by Brazil; Marilyn Monroe sings "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" to U.S. President John F. Kennedy, just 4 months before her death; John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth in Mercury-Atlas 6 mission; a border dispute between India and China is fought; Algeria and other African countries gain independence from France; Mariner 2 was the world's first successful interplanetary spacecraft; Tropical Storm Harriet kills 50,935 people in Thailand and East Pakistan; the Cuban Missile Crisis, an international crisis that is considered the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale conflict, nuclear war.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1962 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1962
MCMLXII
Ab urbe condita2715
Armenian calendar1411
ԹՎ ՌՆԺԱ
Assyrian calendar6712
Baháʼí calendar118–119
Balinese saka calendar1883–1884
Bengali calendar1369
Berber calendar2912
British Regnal year10 Eliz. 2 – 11 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2506
Burmese calendar1324
Byzantine calendar7470–7471
Chinese calendar辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
4659 or 4452
    — to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4660 or 4453
Coptic calendar1678–1679
Discordian calendar3128
Ethiopian calendar1954–1955
Hebrew calendar5722–5723
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2018–2019
 - Shaka Samvat1883–1884
 - Kali Yuga5062–5063
Holocene calendar11962
Igbo calendar962–963
Iranian calendar1340–1341
Islamic calendar1381–1382
Japanese calendarShōwa 37
(昭和37年)
Javanese calendar1893–1894
Juche calendar51
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4295
Minguo calendarROC 51
民國51年
Nanakshahi calendar494
Thai solar calendar2505
Tibetan calendar阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
2088 or 1707 or 935
    — to —
阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
2089 or 1708 or 936

1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1962nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 962nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1960s decade.

The year saw the Cuban Missile Crisis, which is often considered the closest the world came to a nuclear confrontation during the Cold War.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

February 23: Friendship 7 inspected by President Kennedy and Astronaut John Glenn

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

October 14: Pictures of Soviet missile silos in Cuba, taken by US spy planes
  • October 16 – The beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis: A U-2 flight over Cuba in the Caribbean photographs Soviet nuclear weapons being installed. A stand-off then ensues for another 12 days, after President Kennedy is told of the pictures, between the United States and the Soviet Union, threatening the world with nuclear war.
  • October 20 – The Sino-Indian War, a border dispute involving two of the world's largest nations (India and the People's Republic of China), begins.
  • October 22 – Cuban Missile Crisis: In a televised address, U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
  • October 24 – Cuban Missile Crisis: The first confrontation occurs between the U.S. Navy and a Soviet cargo vessel; the vessel changes course.
  • October 26Spiegel scandal: German police occupy the offices of Der Spiegel in Hamburg.
  • October 27 – Cuban Missile Crisis: Vasily Arkhipov, executive officer of Soviet submarine B-59, refuses to launch nuclear torpedoes against the U.S. Navy. This event is widely regarded to be crucial in averting a worldwide nuclear war.[7]
  • October 28
    • The end of the Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he has ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba. In a secret deal between Kennedy and Khrushchev, Kennedy agrees to the withdrawal of U.S. missiles from Turkey. The fact that this deal is not made public makes it look as though the Soviets have backed down.[dubious ]
    • A referendum in France favors the election of the president by universal suffrage.
  • October 31 – The United Nations General Assembly asks the United Kingdom to suspend enforcement of the new constitution in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), but it comes into effect on November 1.

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January[edit]

Suzy Amis Cameron
Jim Carrey
Abdullah II of Jordan

February[edit]

Jennifer Jason Leigh
Axl Rose
Garth Brooks
Eddie Izzard
Sheryl Crow
Lou Diamond Phillips
Steve Irwin
Adam Baldwin

March[edit]

Jon Bon Jovi
Matthew Broderick
Rosie O'Donnell
Marcia Cross
MC Hammer

April[edit]

Clark Gregg
Hillel Slovak
Jeff Dunham

May[edit]

Sean McNamara
Emilio Estevez
Craig Ferguson
Genie Francis
Bobcat Goldthwait

June[edit]

Lance Reddick
Arnold Vosloo
Paula Abdul
Viktor Tsoi
Campino
Michael Ball
Bussunda
Ollanta Humala
Jordan Peterson

July[edit]

Andre Braugher
Tom Cruise
Thomas Gibson
Hunter Tylo
Tom Kenny
Aya Kitō
Carlos Alazraqui
Federico Franco
Sergey Kiriyenko
Wesley Snipes

August[edit]

Rob Minkoff
Steve Carell
Felipe Calderón
James Marsters
David Koechner
David Fincher
Dee Bradley Baker

September[edit]

Hesham Qandil
Rob Morrow
Nia Vardalos
Melissa Sue Anderson

October[edit]

Jeff Bennett
Joan Cusack
Branko Crvenkovski
Flea
Mike Judge
Evander Holyfield
Bob Odenkirk
Cary Elwes

November[edit]

Demi Moore
Harland Williams
Jodie Foster
Nicolás Maduro
Jon Stewart
Andrew McCarthy

December[edit]

Felicity Huffman
Ben Browder
Ralph Fiennes

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

Ernie Kovacs

February[edit]

Roy Atwell
Hu Shih

March[edit]

Arthur Compton
Auguste Piccard

April[edit]

Benny Paret
Louise Fazenda

May[edit]

Pedro Pablo Ramírez

June[edit]

Eugeniusz Baziak

July[edit]

William Faulkner
Denjirō Ōkōchi

August[edit]

Marilyn Monroe
Hermann Hesse

September[edit]

Ahmad bin Yahya
Ouyang Yuqian

October[edit]

Henri Oreiller
Gaston Bachelard

November[edit]

Eleanor Roosevelt
Niels Bohr

December[edit]

Ahmad Nami
Kazimierz Świtalski

Date unknown[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

References[edit]

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