16th National Congress of the People's Party (Spain)

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16th National Congress of the PP

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3,025 delegates in the 16th National Congress of the PP
Plurality needed to win
Opinion polls
Turnout2,643 (87.4%) (president)
2,638 (87.2%) (board)
Candidate Mariano Rajoy Blank ballots
Delegate vote 2,187 (84.2%) 409 (15.8%)
Board 2,177 (84.1%) 413 (15.9%)

President before election

Mariano Rajoy

Elected President

Mariano Rajoy

The 16th National Congress of the People's Party was held in Valencia from 20 to 22 June 2008, to renovate the governing bodies of the People's Party (PP) and establish the party's main lines of action and strategy for the next leadership term. It saw Mariano Rajoy being re-elected unopposed for a second term as party president, with 84.2% of the delegate vote in the congress (2,187 votes) and 15.8% of blank ballots (409).[1][2][3][4]


The congress of the PP was the party's supreme body, and could be of either ordinary or extraordinary nature, depending on whether it was held following the natural end of its term or due to any other exceptional circumstances not linked to this event. Ordinary congresses were to be held every three years and called at least two months in advance of their celebration. Extraordinary congresses had to be called by a two-thirds majority of the Board of Directors at least one-and-a-half month in advance of their celebration, though in cases of "exceptional urgency" this deadline could be reduced to thirty days.

The president of the PP was the party's head and the person holding the party's political and legal representation, and presided over its board of directors and executive committee, which were the party's maximum directive, governing and administration bodies between congresses. The election of the PP president was based on an indirect system, with party members voting for delegates who would, in turn, elect the president. Any party member was eligible for the post of party president, on the condition that they were up to date with the payment of party fees and were proposed by at least 20% of congress delegates.[5]


The key dates are listed below (all times are CEST. Note that the Canary Islands use WEST (UTC+1) instead):[6][7]

  • 31 March: Official announcement of the congress.
  • 21–22 April: Election of congress delegates.
  • 20–22 June: Party congress.


Candidate Age Notable positions Announced Eliminated Ref.


Candidate elected as president.
Mariano Rajoy
53 President of the PP (since 2004)
Leader of the Opposition of Spain (since 2004)
Deputy in the Cortes Generales for Pontevedra and Madrid (1986 and since 1989)

Secretary-General of the PP (2003–2004)
Spokesperson of the Government of Spain (2002–2003)
Minister of the Presidency of Spain (2000–2001 and 2002–2003)
First Deputy Prime Minister of Spain (2000–2003)
Vice Secretary-General of the PP (1990–2003)
Minister of the Interior of Spain (2001–2002)
Minister of Education and Culture of Spain (1999–2000)
Minister of Public Administrations of Spain (1996–1999)
President of AP/PP in Pontevedra (1983–1986 and 1987–1991)
Vice President of the Xunta de Galicia (1986–1987)
President of the Provincial Deputation of Pontevedra (1983–1986)
City Councillor of Pontevedra (1983–1986)
Deputy in the Parliament of Galicia for Pontevedra (1981–1985)
Director-General of Institutional Relations of Galicia (1982)
11 March 2008 checkY Elected [8]


The individuals in this section were the subject of speculation about their possible candidacy, but publicly denied or recanted interest in running:


Candidates seeking to run were required to collect the endorsements of at least 20% of congress delegates.

Summary of candidate endorsement results
Candidate Delegates
Count % T % V
Mariano Rajoy >2,000 >66.12 100.00
Total >2,000
Valid endorsements >2,000 >66.12
Not endorsing <1,025 <33.88
Total members 3,025

Opinion polls[edit]

Poll results are listed in the tables below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the candidate's colour. In the instance of a tie, the figures with the highest percentages are shaded.

PP voters[edit]

Spanish voters[edit]


Summary of the 21 June 2008 PP congress results
Candidate President Board
Votes % Votes %
Mariano Rajoy 2,187 84.24 2,177 84.05
Blank ballots 409 15.76 413 15.95
Total 2,596 2,590
Valid votes 2,596 98.22 2,590 98.18
Invalid votes 47 1.78 48 1.82
Votes cast / turnout 2,643 87.37 2,638 87.21
Abstentions 382 12.63 387 12.79
Registered voters 3,025 3,025
Vote by delegates (President)
Blank ballots
Vote by delegates (Board)
Rajoy List
Blank ballots


Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ a b "Los votantes del PP quieren a Gallardón". 20 minutos (in Spanish). 16 June 2008.
  2. ^ a b "PSOE y PP aparecen igualados en intención de voto". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 16 June 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Pulsómetro 16/06/2008". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 16 June 2008. Archived from the original on 19 June 2008.
  4. ^ a b "Gallardón aventaja ya en 10 puntos a Rajoy como candidato a La Moncloa". El Mundo (in Spanish). 16 June 2008.
  5. ^ "Primarias". Diario de Almería (in Spanish). 28 April 2008.
  6. ^ a b "Casi el 40 por ciento de los españoles ve positivo que Aguirre se presente como alternativa a Rajoy, según una encuesta". Europa Press (in Spanish). 20 April 2008.
  7. ^ a b "Los votantes del PP creen que Gallardón debe sustituir a Rajoy si éste no continúa". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 29 February 2008.
  8. ^ "Rajoy se hunde en valoración y pasa a ser el tercer candidato del PP preferido". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 3 September 2007.
  9. ^ "Los ciudadanos prefieren a Gallardón y a Rato como líderes del PP". El País (in Spanish). 3 September 2007.
  1. ^ "Rajoy es ya el único aznarista al mando". El País (in Spanish). 6 May 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b Rojo, Iratxe (21 June 2008). "Rajoy, reelegido presidente del PP pese a no tener el apoyo del 21% de los compromisarios". El Mundo (in Spanish). Valencia. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Así fue el congreso más amargo de Rajoy". El País (in Spanish). 17 February 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  4. ^ "Alianza Popular / Partido Popular". Historia Electoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 March 2023.
  5. ^ "Estatutos aprobados por el XV Congreso Nacional del Partido Popular" (PDF). PP (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  6. ^ "XVI Congreso Partido Popular". PP (in Spanish). 31 March 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Compromisarios al XVI Congreso Nacional del Partido Popular" (PDF). PP (in Spanish). 31 March 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  8. ^ Remírez de Ganuza, Carmen; González, Lucía; Carvajal, Álvaro (11 March 2008). "Rajoy optará en junio a la reelección en el PP: 'Esto es lo que hay'". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  9. ^ "Esperanza Aguirre se descarta como sucesora de Rajoy en el próximo Congreso". Cinco Días (in Spanish). 12 March 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  10. ^ Elordi Cué, Carlos (8 April 2008). "Aguirre amaga con presentarse". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Aguirre no se presentará en el Congreso del PP pero pide a Rajoy que "aclare" si quiere echarla". Faro de Vigo (in Spanish). EFE. 21 April 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  12. ^ Quevedo, Federico (30 May 2008). "Costa no consigue los seiscientos avales ni los apoyos suficientes para presentar candidatura". El Confidencial (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  13. ^ "Costa deja la puerta abierta a una candidatura tras denunciar una crisis de ilusión en el PP". Diario de Sevilla (in Spanish). OTR Press. 2 June 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  14. ^ Iglesias, Magis (10 June 2008). "Costa asumirá el liderazgo de Rajoy cuando lo apruebe el congreso del PP". La Voz de Cádiz (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  15. ^ "Gallardón también descarta presentarse contra Rajoy". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). EFE. 13 March 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  16. ^ Quevedo, Federico (9 May 2008). "Sectores del PP preparan una candidatura alternativa: el entorno de Rajoy teme que Rato esté detrás". El Confidencial (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  17. ^ Sanz, Luis Ángel (4 June 2008). "Mariano Rajoy y sus barones han logrado ya los avales del 70% de los delegados". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  18. ^ "Mariano Rajoy es reelegido presidente del Partido Popular con un respaldo del 84,24%". La Cerca (in Spanish). 21 June 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2022.