17th National Congress of the People's Party (Spain)

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17th National Congress of the PP

← 2008 17−19 February 2012 2017 →

3,172 delegates in the 17th National Congress of the PP
Plurality needed to win
Opinion polls
Turnout2,597 (81.9%) (president)
2,595 (81.8%) (board)
Candidate Mariano Rajoy Blank ballots
Delegate vote 2,525 (97.6%) 63 (2.4%)
Board 2,522 (97.4%) 66 (2.6%)

President before election

Mariano Rajoy

Elected President

Mariano Rajoy

The 17th National Congress of the People's Party was held in Seville from 17 to 19 February 2012, to renovate the governing bodies of the People's Party (PP) and establish the party's main lines of action and strategy for the next leadership term. The congress slogan was "Committed to Spain" (Spanish: Comprometidos con España),[1] and it saw Mariano Rajoy, incumbent prime minister of Spain as a result of the PP victory at the 2011 Spanish general election, being re-elected unopposed for a third term as party president with 97.6% of the delegate vote in the congress (2,525 votes) and 2.4% of blank ballots (63).[2][3]


The congress of the PP was the party's supreme body, and could be of either ordinary or extraordinary nature, depending on whether it was held following the natural end of its term or due to any other exceptional circumstances not linked to this event. Ordinary congresses were to be held every three years and called at least two months in advance of their celebration. Extraordinary congresses had to be called by a two-thirds majority of the Board of Directors at least one-and-a-half month in advance of their celebration, though in cases of "exceptional urgency" this deadline could be reduced to thirty days.

The president of the PP was the party's head and the person holding the party's political and legal representation, and presided over its board of directors and executive committee, which were the party's maximum directive, governing and administration bodies between congresses. The election of the PP president was based on an indirect system, with party members voting for delegates who would, in turn, elect the president. Any party member was eligible for the post of party president, on the condition that they were up to date with the payment of party fees and that they were able to secure the signed endorsements of at least 100 party members and of 20% of congress delegates.[4]


The key dates are listed below (all times are CET. Note that the Canary Islands use WET (UTC+0) instead):[1][5]

  • 12 December: Official announcement of the congress.
  • 19–20 January: Election of congress delegates.
  • 17–19 February: Party congress.


Candidate Age Notable positions Announced Eliminated Ref.


Candidate elected as president.
Mariano Rajoy
56 Prime Minister of Spain (since 2011)
President of the PP (since 2004)
Deputy in the Cortes Generales for Pontevedra and Madrid (1986 and since 1989)

Leader of the Opposition of Spain (2004–2011)
Secretary-General of the PP (2003–2004)
Spokesperson of the Government of Spain (2002–2003)
Minister of the Presidency of Spain (2000–2001 and 2002–2003)
First Deputy Prime Minister of Spain (2000–2003)
Vice Secretary-General of the PP (1990–2003)
Minister of the Interior of Spain (2001–2002)
Minister of Education and Culture of Spain (1999–2000)
Minister of Public Administrations of Spain (1996–1999)
President of AP/PP in Pontevedra (1983–1986 and 1987–1991)
Vice President of the Xunta de Galicia (1986–1987)
President of the Provincial Deputation of Pontevedra (1983–1986)
City Councillor of Pontevedra (1983–1986)
Deputy in the Parliament of Galicia for Pontevedra (1981–1985)
Director-General of Institutional Relations of Galicia (1982)
12 December 2011 checkY Elected [6]


The individuals in this section were the subject of speculation about their possible candidacy, but publicly denied or recanted interest in running:

Opinion polls[edit]

Poll results are listed in the tables below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the candidate's colour. In the instance of a tie, the figures with the highest percentages are shaded.

PP voters[edit]

Spanish voters[edit]


Summary of the 18 February 2012 PP congress results
Candidate President Board
Votes % Votes %
Mariano Rajoy 2,525 97.57 2,522 97.45
Blank ballots 63 2.43 66 2.55
Total 2,588 2,588
Valid votes 2,588 99.65 2,588 99.73
Invalid votes 9 0.35 7 0.27
Votes cast / turnout 2,597 81.87 2,595 81.81
Abstentions 575 18.13 577 18.19
Registered voters 3,172 3,172
Vote by delegates (President)
Blank ballots
Vote by delegates (Board)
Rajoy List
Blank ballots


Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ a b "Pulsómetro 02/11/10" (PDF). Instituto Opina (in Spanish). 2 November 2010. Archived from the original on 22 November 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  2. ^ a b Garea, Fernando (6 June 2010). "El 77% quiere nuevos candidatos". El País (in Spanish).
  3. ^ a b "Clima Social de España (12ª oleada. Junio 2010)" (PDF). Metroscopia (in Spanish). 14 June 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Los votantes del PP prefieren a Rato". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 9 November 2009.
  5. ^ "La mayoría de los votantes del PP pide un congreso para elegir a su candidato". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 9 November 2009.
  6. ^ "El votante del PP prefiere a Rato, Gallardón o Aguirre antes que a Rajoy". El Mundo (in Spanish). 7 January 2009.
  7. ^ "Cada vez menos votantes del PP prefieren a Rajoy como cabeza de lista". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 7 January 2009.
  8. ^ a b "Rajoy aventaja por primera vez a Zapatero en popularidad". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 1 July 2008.
  9. ^ a b "Pulsómetro 01/07/2008". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 1 July 2008. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008.
  10. ^ "Pulsómetro 13/10/10". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 13 October 2010. Archived from the original on 16 October 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  11. ^ "Bono y Rubalcaba, los sustitutos preferidos para Zapatero". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 2 January 2010.
  1. ^ a b ""Comprometidos con España", lema del XVII Congreso Nacional del Partido Popular". PP (in Spanish). 24 January 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Mariano Rajoy es reelegido presidente del PP con el 97,56% de los votos en el 17 Congreso nacional" (in Spanish). RTVE. 18 February 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Alianza Popular / Partido Popular". Historia Electoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 March 2023.
  4. ^ "Estatutos del Partido Popular, aprobados por el 16 Congreso" (PDF). PP (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  5. ^ "Comisión Organizadora y Ponencias Congreso Nacional PP". PP (in Spanish). 12 December 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  6. ^ "Rajoy confía en Zoido la presidencia del XVII Congreso del PP". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Madrid. Europa Press. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  7. ^ a b c "De cómo Rajoy no es el líder que desean los votantes del PP pero Aguirre, tampoco". El Siglo de Europa (in Spanish). 1 January 2009. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Esperanza Aguirre: 'Ya veremos si me presento al próximo congreso del PP. Yo no me resigno'". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. 19 October 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  9. ^ Elordi Cué, Carlos (24 October 2009). "El pulso con Aguirre desata en el PP la preocupación por la imagen de Rajoy". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 18 March 2022.