Truce of Shamkor

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Truce of Shamkor
The Truce of Shamkor was made between the Kingdom of Georgia and the Timurid Empire.

The Truce of Shamkor was a truce agreed to by King George VII of Georgia and Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire on September 1401, which lasted for few months. In late 1401, Timur invaded the Kingdom of Georgia once again. George VII had to sue for peace, and sent his brother, Constantine with the contributions. Timur was preparing for a major confrontation with the Ottoman dynasty and apparently wished to freeze the currently prevailing situation in Georgia, until he could return to deal with it more decisively and thoroughly at his leisure.

Thus, he made peace with George on several terms:[1]

Georgia would

  • pay annual tribute;
  • provide troops for Timur;
  • allow Timur's armies transit;
  • special privileges for Muslims;[2]
  • not practise Christianity on Muslim territory.

Timur gave the Georgian ambassadors fine gowns and a good send-off, pleased that ‘the obstinate have put their heads into the yoke of submission’. Timur nonetheless undertook some preventive measures and broke the treaty: attacked the Georgian garrison of Tortumi, demolishing the citadel and looting the surrounding area.[3]


  1. ^ Rayfield, Donald (2012). Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia. London: Reaktion Books. p. 150. ISBN 1780230303.
  2. ^ Sicker, Martin (2000), The Islamic World in Ascendancy: From the Arab Conquests to the Siege of Vienna, p. 155. Praeger, ISBN 0-275-96892-8.
  3. ^ Minorsky, Vladimir, "Tiflis", in: M. Th. Houtsma, E. van Donzel (1993), E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, p. 757. Brill, ISBN 90-04-08265-4.