List of islands of Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of selected Australian islands grouped by state or territory. Australia has 8,222 islands within its maritime borders.[1]

Largest islands[edit]

The islands larger than 1,000 square kilometres (390 sq mi) are:[2][3]

New South Wales[edit]

Bird Island, 1996
Cockatoo Island, the largest island in Sydney Harbour, 2008
Lord Howe Island, 2006

Northern Territory[edit]


Fraser Island, 2006
Great Keppel Island, 2007
Whitehaven Beach, Whitsunday Island, 2008

South Australia[edit]

Remarkable Rocks on Kangaroo Island, 2007
Greenly Island; a distant view taken from the sea (circa 1903) (State Library of South Australia PRG 280/1/1/120)
Chinamans Hat Island as viewed from the nearby coastline
View of Pearson Island from its south end circa 1914 (State Library of South Australia PRG-280-1-12-263)

Ocean islands[edit]

Murray River islands[edit]


Macquarie Island
Currie harbour on King Island, 2007

Tasmania is a large island state off the south-east coast of mainland Australia. The main island of Tasmania (which includes 94% of the state's land area) does not have a defined name but can be referred to as the "Tasmanian mainland". There are 334 islands (or islets) within the state of Tasmania;[6] with the main islands listed below, each having a land area greater than 100 hectares (250 acres). A full list of all 334 islands is located at the list of islands of Tasmania.


Phillip Island, 2003

River islands[edit]

Western Australia[edit]

Rottnest Island, 2003
View of the Recherche Archipelago from Dempster Head
Middle Island, Recherche Archipelago 2011

Over 1,000 islands have been gazetted – only the island groups and major islands are listed.

Australian territories[edit]

Jervis Bay Territory[edit]

Australian Capital Territory[edit]

External territories[edit]

Norfolk Island, 2007

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Australia, c\=AU\;o\=Australia Government\;ou\=Geoscience (15 May 2014). "Islands". Retrieved 9 January 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Area of Australia - States and Territories". Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. 15 May 2014.
  3. ^ "National Mapping - Fab Facts, Landforms, Australian Islands". Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. Archived from the original on 22 August 2008.
  4. ^ "The Inlet that Eluded Bass". Clyde Coast Links. Archived from the original on 10 April 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
  5. ^ a b No longer an island - Port of Brisbane wharves construction in the mouth of the Brisbane River extended over it
  6. ^ Brothers, Nigel; Pemberton, David; Pryor, Helen; Lucieer, Vanessa (2001). Tasmania's offshore islands: seabirds and other natural features. Hobart, Tasmania: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-7246-4816-0. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  7. ^ "National recovery plan for Albatrosses and Giant-petrels: Section 4.1.6 Australian Antarctic Territory". Australian Government, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Archived from the original on 17 August 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2008.