Catalunya en Comú

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Catalonia in Common
Catalunya en Comú
AbbreviationCatEnComú, CatComú
Coordinator-NationalAda Colau, Jéssica Albiach and Candela López
Founded19 December 2016 (2016-12-19)
HeadquartersC/ Or, 44, 3º-2ª
08012, Barcelona
Ideology
Political positionLeft-wing
National affiliationUnidas Podemos (2016–2023)
Sumar (since 2023)
Regional affiliationEn Comú Podem (since 2016)
Catalunya en Comú–Podem (2017–2020)
European affiliationEuropean Green Party
International affiliationProgressive International[2]
MembersSee list of members
European Parliament (Spanish seats)
0 / 59
(PodemosIU)
Congress of Deputies (Catalan seats)
6 / 48
(SumarEn Comú Podem)
Spanish Senate (Catalan seats)
0 / 23
(Catalunya en Comú–Podem)
Parliament of Catalonia
6 / 135
(En Comú Podem)
Mayors
8 / 946
Town councillors
244 / 9,077
Website
catalunyaencomu.cat

Catalunya en Comú (English: "Catalonia in Common", CatEnComú or CatComú), previously Un País en Comú (English: "A Country in Common") and collectively dubbed as Comuns (English: Commons),[3][4] is a Catalan-based political party established in December 2016 as an umbrella for Barcelona en Comú, Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV), United and Alternative Left (EUiA) and Equo, which until then had been collaborating through electoral alliances under the Catalunya Sí que es Pot and En Comú Podem labels in the September 2015 regional and December 2015 and June 2016 general elections.

Its spokesman until 2018 was En Comú Podem's spokesperson in the Congress of Deputies, Xavier Domènech, with the new party being sponsored by Mayor of Barcelona Ada Colau.[5] It contested the 2017 Catalan regional election under the Catalunya en Comú–Podem label, in coalition with Podemos, then joined the En Comú Podem alliance ahead of the April and November 2019 Spanish general elections.

History[edit]

The first steps for constituting the political space previously represented by the Catalunya Sí que es Pot and En Comú Podem alliances into a permanent political party can be traced to January 2016, when the party's trademark was provisionally registered in the interior ministry and Mayor of Barcelona Ada Colau announced her intention of establishing her own, autonomous party separate from Podemos.[3][6][7] On 19 December 2016, the "Un País en Comú" (English: "A Country in Common") platform was launched with the aim of constituting the political space previously represented by the Catalunya Sí que es Pot and En Comú Podem alliances into a permanent political party.[8]

The platform's establishment had been supported by Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV), United and Alternative Left (EUiA), Barcelona en Comú and Equo,[9] with it holding its first public event on 29 January 2017 in Barcelona,[10][11] and the party's founding congress on 8 April.[12] Organizational disagreements in March over the voting system selected to elect the leadership team and the ideological principles that should govern the new platform had seen regional Podemos/Podem leader, Albano Dante Fachin, opting out of the founding congress at the last moment, promising future collaboration with the other constituent parties but rejecting to integrate Podem into the new party.[13][14][15] Despite this, several Podem members disaffected with Fachin's leadership, such as Jéssica Albiach o Marc Bertomeu, did join the new party on their own accord.[16][17][18]

The definitive name of the party was to be chosen in a voting among party members following the founding assembly, with several proposals being registered in advance to prevent a similar case as what happened to the "Guanyem" trademark in 2014: Catalunya en Comú (Catalan for "Catalonia in Common"), En Comú Podem ("In Common We Can"), En Comú ("In Common") or Comuns ("Commons").[19][20] In a final voting held on 22 May 2017, name "Catalunya en Comú" was picked by party members over "En Comú Podem" in a 54–46% vote.[21][22]

Composition[edit]

Party Notes
Barcelona in Common (BComú)
Greens Equo (VQ)
United Left Catalonia (EUCat) Founded in July 2019.[23]
Green Left (EV) Founded in March 2021.[24]
Podem (Podemos/Podem) Left in 2017.
Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) Dissolved in 2019.
United and Alternative Left (EUiA) Expelled in 2019.

Electoral performance[edit]

Parliament of Catalonia[edit]

Parliament of Catalonia
Election Votes % # Seats +/– Leading candidate Status in legislature
2017 Within CatComú–Podem
5 / 135
1[a] Xavier Domènech Opposition
2021 Within ECP-PEC
6 / 135
1 Jéssica Albiach Opposition

Cortes Generales[edit]

Cortes Generales
Election Catalonia
Congress Senate
Votes % # Seats +/– Seats +/–
2019 (Apr) Within ECP–GeC
5 / 48
4[b]
0 / 16
2[b]
2019 (Nov) Within ECP–GeC
5 / 48
0
0 / 16
0
2023 Within SumarECP
5 / 48
0
0 / 16
0

Symbols[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Catalonia/Spain". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Progressive International election observer mission lands in Bolivia".
  3. ^ a b Pérez Oliva, Milagros (6 November 2016). "El nuevo espacio de Els Comuns". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  4. ^ De Delàs, Marià (24 January 2017). "'Els Comuns' apuestan por una república catalana, sin precisar qué relación desean con el Estado español". Público (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  5. ^ Sallés, Quico (29 January 2017). "Colau insta a los comunes a "no mirarse el ombligo" y superar las siglas". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  6. ^ Blanchar, Clara; Piñol, Àngels (26 January 2016). "Colau y sus socios impulsan un nuevo partido separado de Podemos". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Registro de Partidos Políticos". sede.mir.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Un País en Comú, nombre provisional de la nueva formación de Ada Colau". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. EFE. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  9. ^ "Un País en Comú se constituirá en abril impulsado por 117 promotores, entre ellos Xavier Domènech". infoLibre (in Spanish). Europa Press. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Los 'comunes' buscan ser fuerza "ganadora" en su manifiesto fundacional". El Mundo (in Spanish). Barcelona. EFE. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  11. ^ Pascual, Roger (19 December 2016). "En Comú Podem nacerá el 1 de abril". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  12. ^ Casado, Marta (8 April 2017). "La asamblea fundacional de los comuns en ocho claves". El Nacional (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  13. ^ Rubio, Cristina (6 March 2017). "La dirección de Podem se desmarca del nuevo partido de Colau". El Mundo (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  14. ^ Pascual, Roger (19 March 2017). "La baja participación pone en duda la validez de la consulta de Podem". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Fachin rompe con el nuevo partido de Colau antes de su fundación". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona. Agencias. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Jéssica Albiach dimite de la dirección de Podem Catalunya". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 4 February 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Podem cesa al crítico Bertomeu". El Mundo (in Spanish). Barcelona. Agencias. 23 March 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Albiach presenta una lista de Podem alternativa a la de Fachin para dirigir los 'comuns'" (in Spanish). Barcelona: Europa Press. 27 March 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  19. ^ Pascual, Roger; Regué, Júlia (10 January 2017). "Los 'comuns' registran varios nombres para evitar el caso de Guanyem". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  20. ^ Pascual, Roger (27 March 2017). "Domènech presenta su lista y Podem agudiza su fractura". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Catalunya en Comú, nombre definitivo del partido de Ada Colau". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona. EFE. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  22. ^ Pascual, Roger (22 May 2017). "El partido de Ada Colau se llamará Catalunya en Comú". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  23. ^ Camps, Carlota (3 July 2019). "La ruptura entre EUiA e IU se consuma: Garzón promueve una escisión en Catalunya". El Nacional (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  24. ^ "ICV completa la seva refundació: Esquerra Verda es constitueix com a partit dins dels comuns". 13 March 2021.

External links[edit]