James L. Pugh

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James L. Pugh
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
November 24, 1880 – March 3, 1897
Preceded byLuke Pryor
Succeeded byEdmund Pettus
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1859 – January 21, 1861
Preceded byEli Sims Shorter
Succeeded byCharles Waldron Buckley
Personal details
Born(1820-12-12)December 12, 1820
Burke County, Georgia
DiedMarch 9, 1907(1907-03-09) (aged 86)
Washington, D.C.
Political partyDemocratic

James Lawrence Pugh (December 12, 1820 – March 9, 1907) was a U.S. senator from Alabama, as well as a member of the Confederate Congress during the American Civil War.


Mrs James L. Pugh

Pugh was born in Burke County, Georgia, and moved to Alabama in 1824. He received a collegiate education, studied law under John Gill Shorter, and was admitted to the bar in 1841. He began to practise in Eufaula, Alabama. He was a presidential elector in 1848 and 1856. He represented Alabama's second district as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives from December 5, 1859, until January 21, 1861, when he retired upon the secession of his state.

He then served as an officer in the Confederate States Army. He was subsequently elected to be the representative from Alabama's 8th District to both the First Confederate Congress and the Second Confederate Congress, serving from February 22, 1862, until the surrender in 1865. Pugh served on the House Committee on Military Affairs throughout both Congresses, where he was a prominent critic of C.S. President Jefferson Davis.[1]

Following the war, he returned to his law practice. Upon the restoration of his citizenship, Pugh was president of the Democratic state convention of 1874, a delegate to the 1875 state constitutional convention, and a presidential elector again in 1876. He was elected to fill the term left by the death of George S. Houston, and was reelected twice, serving in the Senate from November 24, 1880, to March 4, 1897. He lost renomination.[2]


  1. ^ Escott, Paul D. (2006). Military Necessity: Civil-Military Relations in the Confederacy. Greenwood Publishing. p. 19.
  2. ^ Schlup, Leonard C.; Ryan, James Gilbert (February 16, 2018). Historical Dictionary of the Gilded Age. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 9780765621061 – via Google Books.


External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd congressional district

1859 – 1861
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. senator (Class 3) from Alabama
1880 – 1897
Served alongside: John Tyler Morgan
Succeeded by