James Abercrombie (congressman)

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James Abercrombie
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1855
Preceded byHenry Washington Hilliard
Succeeded byEli Sims Shorter
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
In office
In office
In office
Member of the Alabama Senate
In office
In office
Personal details
BornFebruary 18, 1792 (1792-02-18)
Hancock County, Georgia
DiedJuly 2, 1861 (1861-07-03) (aged 69)
Pensacola, Florida
Citizenship United States
Political partyWhig
Military service
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
UnitSquadron of Georgia Cavalry
Battles/warsWar of 1812

James Abercrombie (February 18, 1792 – July 2, 1861) was an American politician and slave owner, and a United States Representative from Alabama.


Abercrombie was born in Hancock County, Georgia on February 18, 1792, son of Charles and Edwina Dicey Malinda Booth Abercrombie. He moved to Alabama in the early 1810s and settled first in Monroe County, now called Dallas County, Alabama, and then in Montgomery County, Alabama. He married Evelina Elizabeth Ross, and they had four children, James, Sarah, Jane, and Clara. He died on July 2, 1861.


During the War of 1812, Abercrombie served as a corporal in Maj. F. Freeman's Squadron of Georgia Cavalry. He studied law, and served as a member of the Alabama House of Representatives from 1820 to 1822, 1824 to 1825, and 1838 to 1839. He was also a member of the Alabama Senate from 1825 to 1833 and 1847 to 1850.[1]

After having moved to Russell County, Alabama, in 1834, Abercrombie was elected from the Whig party to the United States House of Representatives from Alabama's 2nd congressional district. He served in that capacity from March 4, 1851, to March 3, 1855.[2]

In 1859 Abercrombie moved to Florida and became engaged in supplying bricks for the government.

James Abercrombie was a slaveowner.[3]


Abercrombie died in Pensacola, Florida on July 2, 1861 (age 69 years, 134 days), and is interred at Linwood Cemetery in Columbus, Georgia.[4]


  1. ^ "James Abercrombie". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  2. ^ "James Abercrombie". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Congress slaveowners", The Washington Post, 2022-01-13, retrieved 2022-01-14
  4. ^ "James Abercrombie". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 16 May 2013.

External links[edit]

  • Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-1989: Bicentennial Edition. United States: Government Printing Office, 1989. ISBN 0-16-006384-1

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1855
Succeeded by