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Augustus R. Wright

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Augustus Romaldus Wright
Born(1813-06-16)June 16, 1813
Wrightsboro, Georgia
DiedMarch 31, 1891(1891-03-31) (aged 77)
Rome, Georgia
Place of burial
Allegiance Confederate States of America
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Years of service1861–1865
Rank Colonel
UnitArmy of Northern Virginia
Commands heldGeorgia 38th Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Augustus Romaldus Wright (June 16, 1813 – March 31, 1891) was an American politician and lawyer, who briefly served against the United States as a colonel in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He resigned his commission to serve in the Confederate Congress.

Early life


Augustus Wright was born in Wrightsboro, Georgia and attended public school in Appling. Wright attended the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences, the founding college of the University of Georgia in Athens where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society. Wright studied law at the Litchfield Law School[1] in Connecticut and was admitted to the State Bar of Georgia in 1835—becoming a practicing attorney in Crawfordville, Georgia,[1] the same year.[2] From 1842 until 1849, Wright served as judge of the superior court of the Cherokee circuit and from 1855 to 1857 as a judge of the superior court of Georgia.[1]

Wright owned slaves.[3]

Political career


In 1856, Augustus Wright was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and served one term from 1857 to 1859.[1] He ran as an anti-secession delegate for a seat at the Georgia Secession Convention but lost to his son in law, Francis Shropshire. He was one of ten Georgia delegates to the Confederate Constitution Convention in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1861.[2]

Wright served in the First Confederate Congress.[4] Augustus Wright organized "Wright’s Legion" of Georgia volunteers and served as a colonel[5] in the Georgia 38th Infantry Regiment for the Confederate States Army in the Army of Northern Virginia.[6] U.S. President Abraham Lincoln offered Wright the position of provisional governor of Georgia in 1864 if the state withdrew from the Confederacy, which did not happen.

After the war, Wright served as a member of the Georgia constitutional convention in 1877. He died in 1891 at his home near Rome, Georgia, and was buried in Rome's Myrtle Hill Cemetery.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Augustus Romaldus Wright. litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c WRIGHT, Augustus Romaldus, (1813 - 1891). congress.gov. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  3. ^ Weil, Julie Zauzmer; Blanco, Adrian; Dominguez, Leo. "More than 1,800 congressmen once enslaved Black people. This is who they were, and how they shaped the nation". Washington Post. Retrieved 2023-02-20.
  4. ^ Dixon, David T. (2010). "Augustus R. Wright and the Loyalty of the Heart". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 94 (3): 342–371. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  5. ^ Col. Augustus Wright - Commander. 38thga.com. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  6. ^ Georgia 38th Infantry Regiment. researchonline.net. Retrieved July 22, 2013.

See also

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by U.S. Representative of Georgia's 5th Congressional District
March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1859
Succeeded by