Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea

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Prime Minister of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Praim Minista bilong Papua Niugini (Tok Pisin)
Incumbent
James Marape
since 30 May 2019
StyleThe Honourable
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationPM
Member of
SeatPort Moresby
AppointerGovernor-General
Term lengthAt the Governor-General's pleasure
PrecursorChief Minister of Papua and New Guinea
Inaugural holderMichael Somare
Formation16 September 1975
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea
SalaryPGK346,037/US$ 97,201 annually (2015)[a][1]
Websitehttps://pmnec.gov.pg/

The prime minister of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (Tok Pisin: Prai Minista bilong Papua Niugini) is Papua New Guinea's head of government, consequent on being the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the National Parliament. The prime minister serves as the head of his party, the head of the coalition government, and the chairman of the National Executive Council.

History[edit]

The office of Prime Minister was preceded by the Chief Minister.

2011–2012 constitutional crisis[edit]

From December 2011, the office was disputed between Peter O'Neill of the People's National Congress Party and Sir Michael Somare of the National Alliance Party; the latter eventually supported O'Neill as Prime Minister on 3 August 2012, thus ending the constitutional crisis.

Department of the Prime Minister[edit]

The Department of the Prime Minister has the task of providing administrative services to the restoration exercise as well as advising the Prime Minister and other government leaders. After a July 1995 cabinet reshuffle by Julius Chan, functions of the department were expanded.[2]

List of prime ministers of Papua New Guinea (1975–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Michael Somare
(1936–2021)
16 September 1975 11 March 1980 4 years, 177 days Pangu Pati[3][4][5]
2 Sir Julius Chan
(born 1939)
11 March 1980 2 August 1982 2 years, 144 days People's Progress Party[3][4]
(1) Michael Somare
(1936–2021)
2 August 1982 21 November 1985 3 years, 111 days Pangu Pati[3][4][5]
3 Paias Wingti
(born 1951)
21 November 1985 4 July 1988 2 years, 226 days People's Democratic Movement[3][4]
4 Sir Rabbie Namaliu
(1947–2023)
4 July 1988 17 July 1992 4 years, 13 days Pangu Pati[3][4]
(3) Paias Wingti
(born 1951)
17 July 1992 30 August 1994 2 years, 44 days People's Democratic Movement[4]
(2) Sir Julius Chan
(born 1939)
30 August 1994 27 March 1997 2 years, 209 days People's Progress Party[4][5]
5 John Giheno
(1949–2017)
27 March 1997 2 June 1997 67 days People's Progress Party
(2) Sir Julius Chan
(born 1939)
2 June 1997 22 July 1997 50 days People's Progress Party[4][5]
6 Bill Skate
(1953–2006)
22 July 1997 14 July 1999 1 year, 357 days People's National Congress[4][5]
7 Sir Mekere Morauta
(1946–2020)
14 July 1999 5 August 2002 3 years, 22 days People's Democratic Movement[5]
(1) Sir Michael Somare
(1936–2021)
5 August 2002 2 August 2011
Disputed from 14 December 2011 to 3 August 2012
8 years, 362 days National Alliance Party[3]
Sam Abal
(born 1958)
13 December 2010 17 January 2011 35 days National Alliance Party[3]
4 April 2011 2 August 2011 120 days
8 Peter O'Neill
(born 1965)
2 August 2011
Disputed to 3 August 2012
29 May 2019 7 years, 300 days People's National Congress
9 James Marape
(born 1971)
30 May 2019 Incumbent 4 years, 319 days Pangu Pati

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Equivalent to AU$160,815, 15 January 2015

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Salaries and Remuneration Commission – Determinations – 2015" (PDF). parliament.gov.pg. Papua New Guinea National Parliament. 15 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Department of Prime Minister and NEC". Destination PNG. Retrieved 4 January 2023.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Background Note: Papua New Guinea". US State Department. April 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Dorney, Sean (2001). Papua New Guinea: people, politics and history since 1975. ABC Books. ISBN 0-7333-0945-3.
  5. ^ a b c d e f May, R.J. (2001). State and society in Papua New Guinea: the first twenty five years. Crawford House Publishing. ISBN 1-86333-204-9.