Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit

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Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit
Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit in 2010
Senator for Justice of Hamburg
In office
1991–1993
Nominated bySPD
Senator for Justice of Berlin
In office
1994–1997
Nominated bySPD
Preceded byJutta Limbach
Succeeded byMichael Müller
Senator for Justice of Hamburg
In office
2001–2001
Nominated bySPD
Personal details
Born(1932-10-26)26 October 1932[1]
Hamburg, Germany
Died2 September 2023(2023-09-02) (aged 90)[1]
Berlin, Germany
Political partySocial Democratic Party (SPD)
Spouse(s)Terminally ill colleague (first marriage, ended due to his death in 1958)
Horst Peschel (m. 1961, div. 1973)
Children3
Alma materUniversity of Hamburg
Albert-Ludwigs University (Freiburg)
OccupationJurist, Politician

Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit (26 October 1932 – 2 September 2023) was a German jurist and politician. Born in Hamburg, she became an advocate for family law, children's rights, and gender equality. As the first female president of a family senate[a], she served as Senator for Justice in Hamburg and Berlin. She implemented key legislation promoting gender equality. Recognized with the Marie Juchacz Women's Prize [de] in 2019, she continued her legal career until her death in Berlin on 2 September 2023, at the age of 90.

Early life[edit]

Peschel-Gutzeit was born in Hamburg as the daughter of a trained economist from Gera and a teacher.[2] Her mother's family also hailed from Hamburg, the impoverished merchant family Brüggmann, which suffered during World War I. Peschel-Gutzeit's biological father didn't play a significant role in her life.[3] In her autobiography, she referred to her adoptive father, former Nazi General Hans Gutzeit,[3] as her biological father. However, he formally adopted her only after she reached adulthood. Until then, she bore her mother's name, Brüggmann.[4][5] She had a half-sister who was four years older from her mother's first marriage. After the bombing of Hamburg and being sent away as part of the children's evacuation, she returned to Hamburg in 1946 with her half-sister.[3][6]

Career[edit]

Peschel-Gutzeit studied law from 1951 at the University of Hamburg and the Albert-Ludwigs University in Freiburg, completing her legal education in 1959 with the Second State Examination in Law.[7] Following this, she briefly practiced as a lawyer before assuming the role of a judge at the Regional Court of Hamburg.[7] Early in her career, Peschel-Gutzeit focused on family law, children's rights, and gender equality. She served as the chairwoman of the German Association of Women Lawyers (Deutscher Juristinnenbund [de]) from 1977 to 1981 and joined the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in 1988.[6]

Starting in 1972, she served as a family judge at the Hanseatic Higher Regional Court in Hamburg. In 1984, following some internal conflicts, she became the first woman appointed as the chair of a family senate. In 1990, she earned her Doctor of Juridical Science (Dr. jur.) from the University of Freiburg with her thesis titled 'The Right to Access to One's Own Child: A Systematic Presentation.'[2][6]

In 1988, as part of Emma magazine's PorNO campaign, a legislative proposal aiming to establish a German law against pornography, developed in collaboration with Peschel-Gutzeit, was published; however, it did not get implemented.[8][9]

In 1991, she was elected by the Hamburg Parliament to the Senate (government) and became the Senator for Justice. She held this position until the end of 1993, when the SPD lost the absolute majority and formed a coalition with the STATT Party (Voscherau III Senate [Wikidata]).[10][11]

In 1994, she succeeded Jutta Limbach as the Senator for Justice in Berlin under the Eberhard Diepgen Senate (Diepgen III Senate).[4]

She left this office in 1997 to once again assume the position of Senator for Justice in Hamburg, this time under Ortwin Runde (SPD) in a coalition with the Alliance 90/The Greens.[10] After the government lost its majority in the parliamentary election on 23 September 2001, Peschel-Gutzeit left office and retired from politics.[1] Throughout her tenures as Senator for Justice in Hamburg, Berlin, and then again in Hamburg, she focused on legally enforcing gender equality as entrenched in the Basic Law (Grundgesetz).[2] She implemented corresponding legislative proposals, such as the 'Lex Peschel' (§ 92 BBG), which stipulated that civil servants could work part-time for family reasons.[12] She also advocated for the 'right to vote from birth,' allowing parents to exercise this right on behalf of their children until they reached adulthood, as discussed in an article in the Neue Juristische Wochenschrift.[13][14][15]

She advocated for joint parental custody and children's rights. In 2019, she founded the family and inheritance law firm Peschel-Gutzeit, Fahrenbach & Breuer on Berlin's Kurfürstendamm, where she continued practicing law until her death at the age of 90.[7][12][16]

In 2019, she was honored with the Marie Juchacz Women's Prize of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate for her pioneering work in the field of women's rights.[14]

Personal life[edit]

Her first marriage to a terminally ill colleague ended in 1958 due to his death, and they remained childless. In 1961, she married Horst Peschel, who also worked as a criminal judge at the Hamburg Regional Court, with whom she had three children.[6] The marriage ended in divorce in 1973.[17][2]

Titled 'Naturally Equal,' Peschel-Gutzeit published her autobiography in 2012.[18] She died on 2 September 2023, in Berlin.[1][7]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Year Award References
2004 Senior citizen of Berlin [19]
2004 Order of Merit 1st Class of the Federal Republic of Germany [20]
2014 Hammonia Prize of the State Women's Council Hamburg [21]
2019 Marie Juchacz Women's Prize of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate [de] [22]

Publications[edit]

  • Verfahren und Rechtsmittel in Familiensachen [Procedures and Remedies in Family Matters]. Seminarschriften der Deutschen Anwaltsakademie (in German). München: Beck. 1988. ISBN 978-3-406-33070-4. OCLC 22555081.
  • Das Recht zum Umgang mit dem eigenen Kinde: Eine systematische Darstellung. Kommentar [The Right to Access to One's Own Child: A Systematic Presentation] (in German). Berlin: De Gruyter. 1989. ISBN 978-3-11-241891-8. OCLC 1238210028.
  • As editor: Das Nürnberger Juristen-Urteil von 1947: historischer Zusammenhang und aktuelle Bezüge [The Nuremberg Jurists' Trial of 1947: Historical Context and Current References] (in German) (1st ed.). Baden-Baden: Nomos. 1996. ISBN 978-3-7890-4528-8. OCLC 38598869.
  • Aufarbeitung von Systemunrecht durch die Justiz [Dealing with Systemic Injustice through the Judiciary] (in German). Presse- und Informationsstelle der Freien Universität. 1996. ISBN 978-3-930208-07-4. OCLC 44737830.
  • Unterhaltsrecht aktuell: die Auswirkungen der Unterhaltsreform auf die Beratungspraxis [Current Maintenance Law: The Effects of Maintenance Reform on Advisory Practice] (in German). Nomos. 2008. ISBN 978-3-8329-2220-7. OCLC 239519222.
  • Autobiography written with Brüdgam, Nele-Marie (2013). Selbstverständlich gleichberechtigt: eine autobiographische Zeitgeschichte [Naturally Equal: Hoffmann and Campe] (in German) (2nd ed.). Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe. ISBN 978-3-455-50248-0. OCLC 864593889.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The term Senat (senate) can refer to the bench in higher courts of appeal or to the executive branch in Bundesländer which form a City State (Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d dpa (4 September 2023). "Todesfall: Frühere Justizsenatorin Peschel-Gutzeit gestorben". Die Zeit (in German). ISSN 0044-2070. Archived from the original on 4 September 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d "1195. An Julius Campe in Hamburg - 1234. An Julius Campe in Hamburg", Briefe, 1842–1849, De Gruyter, pp. 256–287, 31 December 1972, doi:10.1515/9783112477809-009, ISBN 9783112477809, S2CID 246232180, archived from the original on 22 November 2023, retrieved 21 November 2023
  3. ^ a b c deutschlandfunk.de. "Ehemalige Justizsenatorin Peschel-Gutzeit - "So was macht man mit einem Mann nicht"". Deutschlandfunk (in German). Archived from the original on 16 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  4. ^ a b "Familienbuch". Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit Online. doi:10.1163/2352-0248_edn_dum_262977. Archived from the original on 22 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  5. ^ "Frauenbiografien Hamburg". hamburg.de (in German). Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  6. ^ a b c d "Dr. Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit – Peschel-Gutzeit & Fahrenbach" (in German). Archived from the original on 24 September 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  7. ^ a b c d LTO. "Frühere Justizsenatorin Peschel-Gutzeit gestorben". Legal Tribune Online (in German). Archived from the original on 29 September 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  8. ^ Medrano, Jose Antonio; Palo, Emma; Gallucci, Fausto (2020), "Konventionelle Verfahren zur Wasserstoffherstellung", CO2 und CO – Nachhaltige Kohlenstoffquellen für die Kreislaufwirtschaft, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 17–37, doi:10.1007/978-3-662-60649-0_3, ISBN 978-3-662-60648-3, S2CID 226630894, archived from the original on 22 November 2023, retrieved 21 November 2023
  9. ^ Alice Schwarzer: Pornografie ist geil ..., EMMA, Nr. 5, 2007
  10. ^ a b "Wir trauern um Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit". www.eaf-berlin.de. 13 September 2023. Archived from the original on 22 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  11. ^ deutschlandfunk.de. "Vorkämpferin für Frauenrechte - SPD-Politikerin Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit im Alter von 90 Jahren gestorben". Die Nachrichten (in German). Archived from the original on 15 September 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  12. ^ a b Kutter, Kaija (8 September 2023). "Nachruf auf Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit: Vorkämpferin für Frauenrechte". Die Tageszeitung: taz (in German). ISSN 0931-9085. Archived from the original on 22 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  13. ^ Jakob Augstein: Wählerschicht in Windeln, in: Süddeutsche Zeitung, 23. Oktober 1997, S. 5. Vgl. auch Manfred Günther: Hilfe! Jugendhilfe. Rheine 2018, S. 69
  14. ^ a b "Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit erhält den 1. Frauenpreis des Landes Rheinland-Pfalz" (in German). SWR. 6 February 2019. Archived from the original on 9 February 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  15. ^ Peschel-Gutzeit, Lore Maria (1999). "Das Wahlrecht von Geburt an: Ein Plädoyer für den Erhalt unserer Demokratie". Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen. 30 (2): 556–563. ISSN 0340-1758. JSTOR 24231340.
  16. ^ "Im Alter von 90 Jahren: Berlins frühere Justizsenatorin Peschel-Gutzeit ist tot". Der Tagesspiegel Online (in German). ISSN 1865-2263. Archived from the original on 29 November 2023. Retrieved 27 November 2023.
  17. ^ Itzehoe, LG (2001). "LG Itzehoe, 2 R 115/73". JurPC: 2. doi:10.7328/jurpcb/2001166114. ISSN 1615-5335. Archived from the original on 22 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  18. ^ Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit: Selbstverständlich gleichberechtigt. Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg 2012
  19. ^ "Wegner zum Tod von Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit: "Berlin trauert um eine exzellente Juristin und eine Vorkämpferin für Frauenrechte"". www.berlin.de (in German). 5 September 2023. Archived from the original on 28 November 2023. Retrieved 27 November 2023.
  20. ^ "A Woman Who Showed What's Possible". Der Spiegel. 30 November 2016. ISSN 2195-1349. Archived from the original on 31 October 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  21. ^ "Hamburg trauert um Dr. Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit". hamburg.de (in German). Archived from the original on 9 October 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  22. ^ "Women's Awards in Germany: for Achieving Gender Equality | Culture and Lifestyle in Germany and Europe | DW". Time News. 18 October 2021. Archived from the original on 7 February 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2023.