Eye disease

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders.

The World Health Organization (WHO) publishes a classification of known diseases and injuries, the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, or ICD-10. This list uses that classification.

H00-H06 Disorders of eyelid, lacrimal system and orbit[edit]

H10-H13 Disorders of conjunctiva[edit]

H15-H22 Disorders of sclera, cornea, iris and ciliary body[edit]

H25-H28 Disorders of lens[edit]

  • (H25) Cataract — the lens becomes opaque
  • (H26) Myopia - close object appears clearly, but far ones do not
  • (H27) Hypermetropia - Nearby objects appears blurry
  • (H28) Presbyopia - inability to focus on nearby objects

H30-H36 Disorders of choroid and retina[edit]

H30 Chorioretinal inflammation[edit]

(H30) Chorioretinal inflammation

H31 Other disorders of choroid[edit]

(H31) Other disorders of choroid

H32 Chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere[edit]

(H32) Chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere

H33 Retinal detachments and breaks[edit]

  • (H33) Retinal detachment with retinal break
    • Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
  • (H33.1) Retinoschisis and retinal cysts — the retina separates into several layers and may detach
    • Cyst of ora serrata
    • Parasitic cyst of retina NOS
    • Pseudocyst of retina
      • Excludes: congenital retinoschisis (Q14.1)
        • microcystoid degeneration of retina (H35.4)
  • (H33.2) Serous retinal detachment
  • (H33.3) Retinal breaks without detachment
    • Horseshoe tear of retina, without detachment
    • Round hole of retina, without detachment
    • Operculum
    • Retinal break NOS
      • Excludes: chorioretinal scars after surgery for detachment (H59.8)
      • peripheral retinal degeneration without break (H35.4)
  • (H33.4) Traction detachment of retina
  • (H33.5) Other retinal detachments[2]

H34 Retinal vascular occlusions[edit]

A retinal vessel occlusion is a blockage in the blood vessel at the back of your eye that can result in sight loss.

H35 Other retinal disorders[edit]

H36 Retinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere[edit]

H40-H42 Glaucoma[edit]

H43-H45 Disorders of vitreous body and globe[edit]

H43 Disorders of vitreous body[edit]

H44 Disorders of globe[edit]

Includes: disorders affecting multiple structures of eye

H45 Disorders of vitreous body and globe in diseases classified elsewhere[edit]

H46-H48 Disorders of optic nerve and visual pathways[edit]

H49-H52 Disorders of ocular muscles, binocular movement, accommodation and refraction[edit]

  • (H49-H50) Strabismus (Crossed eye/Wandering eye/Walleye) — the eyes do not point in the same direction
  • H52 Disorders of refraction and accommodation
    • (H52.0) Hypermetropia (Farsightedness) — the inability to focus on near objects (and in extreme cases, any objects)
    • (H52.1) Myopia (Nearsightedness) — distant objects appear blurred
    • (H52.2) Astigmatism — the cornea or the lens of the eye is not perfectly spherical, resulting in different focal points in different planes
    • (H52.3) Anisometropia — the lenses of the two eyes have different focal lengths
    • (H52.4) Presbyopia — a condition that occurs with growing age and results in the inability to focus on close objects
    • (H52.5) Disorders of accommodation

H53-H54.9 Visual disturbances and blindness[edit]

  • (H53.0) Amblyopia (lazy eye) — poor or blurry vision due to either no transmission or poor transmission of the visual image to the brain
  • (H53.0) Leber's congenital amaurosis — genetic disorder; appears at birth, characterised by sluggish or no pupillary responses
  • (H53.1, H53.4) Scotoma (blind spot) — an area impairment of vision surrounded by a field of relatively well-preserved vision. See also Anopsia.
  • (H53.5) Color blindness — the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish
  • (H53.6) Nyctalopia (Night blindness) — a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in the dark
  • (H54) Blindness — the brain does not receive optical information, through various causes

H55-H59 Other disorders of eye and adnexa[edit]

Other codes[edit]

The following are not classified as diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59) by the World Health Organization:[4]

  • (B36.1) Keratomycosis — fungal infection of the cornea
  • (E50.6-E50.7) Xerophthalmia — dry eyes, caused by vitamin A deficiency
  • (Q13.1) Aniridia — a rare congenital eye condition leading to underdevelopment or even absence of the iris of the eye

See also[edit]


Please see the References section below for the complete listing of information.
  1. ^ a b c d World Health Organization ICD-10 codes: Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59). [1]. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  2. ^ "ICD-10 - Disorders of choroid and retina (H30-H36)". icd.who.int. Retrieved 2024-03-20.
  3. ^ "ICD-10 - Disorders of vitreous body and globe (H43-H45)". icd.who.int. Retrieved 2024-03-20.
  4. ^ International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. 10th Revision. Version for 2007. [2]