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Centropogon (fish)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fortescue (C. australis)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Scorpaenidae
Subfamily: Tetraroginae
Genus: Centropogon
Günther, 1860
Type species
Cottus australis
Shaw, 1790[1]

Centropogon is a genus of ray-finned fishes, waspfishes belonging to the subfamily Tetraroginae, which is classified as part of the family Scorpaenidae, the scorpionfishes and their relatives. These fishes are endemic to the brackish and marine waters around Australia.


Centropogon was first described as a genus of fishes in 1860 by the German-born British ichthyologist Albert Günther. The genus was created for Apistus australis, which had originally been described as Cottus australis in 1790 by George Shaw in John White's Journal of a voyage to New South Wales.[1] The genus is included in the subfamily Tetraroginae within the Scorpaenidae in the 5th edition of Fishes of the World[2] however other authorities place that subfamily within the stonefish family Synanceiidae,[1] while other authorities classify this subfamily as a family in its own right.[3] The genus name is a compound of kentron, meaning a "thorn" or "spine", and "pogon", which means "beard". This name was not explained by Günther but is thought to allude to the many spines on the preorbital and preoperculum, having some similarity to a spiny “beard”.[4]


Three recognized species are in this genus:[3]


  1. ^ a b c Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Genera in the family Tetraroginae". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  2. ^ J. S. Nelson; T. C. Grande; M. V. H. Wilson (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Wiley. pp. 468–475. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6. Archived from the original on 2019-04-08. Retrieved 2022-03-17.
  3. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2022). Species of Centropogon in FishBase. February 2022 version.
  4. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara, eds. (10 March 2022). "Order Perciformes (Part 10): Suborder Scorpaenoidei: Families Apistidae, Tetrarogidae, Synanceiidae, Aploacrinidae, Perryenidae, Eschmeyeridae, Pataceidae, Gnathanacanthidae, Congiopodidae and Zanclorhynchidae". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 16 March 2022.

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