Cantabria (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Coordinates: 43°20′N 4°00′W / 43.333°N 4.000°W / 43.333; -4.000
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Cantabria
Congress of Deputies
Electoral constituency
Location of Cantabria within Spain
ProvinceCantabria
Autonomous communityCantabria
Population585,402 (2022)[1]
Electorate507,818 (2023)
Major settlementsSantander, Torrelavega
Current constituency
Created1977
Seats5
Member(s)
  •   PP (2)
  •   PSOE (2)
  •   Vox (1)

CantabriaSantander until 1982—is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects five deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Cantabria. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of three percent.

Electoral system[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[2] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[3]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[4] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of three percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 being distributed in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[3][5][6] The use of the D'Hondt method may result in a higher effective threshold, depending on the district magnitude.[7]

The electoral law allows for parties and federations registered in the interior ministry, coalitions and groupings of electors to present lists of candidates. Parties and federations intending to form a coalition ahead of an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election call—fifteen before 1985—whereas groupings of electors need to secure the signature of at least one percent of the electorate in the constituencies for which they seek election—one-thousandth of the electorate, with a compulsory minimum of 500 signatures, until 1985—disallowing electors from signing for more than one list of candidates. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions that have not obtained a mandate in either chamber of the Cortes at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of electors in the aforementioned constituencies.[5][6]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies 1977–present
Key to parties
  PSOE
  PRC
  Cs
  UCD
  PP
  CP
  AP
  Vox
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 3 1
1st 1979
2 3
2nd 1982
3 2
3rd 1986
3 2
4th 1989
3 2
5th 1993
3 2
6th 1996
2 3
7th 2000
2 3
8th 2004
2 3
9th 2008
2 3
10th 2011
1 4
11th 2015
1 1 1 2
12th 2016
1 1 1 2
13th 2019 (Apr)
2 1 1 1
14th 2019 (Nov)
1 1 2 1
15th 2023
2 2 1

Elections[edit]

2023 general election[edit]

Summary of the 23 July 2023 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 147,326 42.08 +16.22 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 116,596 33.30 +10.06 2 +1
Vox (Vox) 49,243 14.06 –0.87 1 ±0
Unite (Sumar)1 29,713 8.49 –0.19 0 ±0
Animalist Party with the Environment (PACMA)2 2,089 0.60 +0.03 0 ±0
Workers' Front (FO) 790 0.23 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (PCTE) 598 0.17 +0.09 0 ±0
Zero Cuts (Recortes Cero) 533 0.15 +0.08 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) n/a n/a –21.04 0 –1
Blank ballots 3,262 0.93 +0.42
Total 350,150 5 ±0
Valid votes 350,150 98.59 –0.58
Invalid votes 4,995 1.41 +0.58
Votes cast / turnout 355,145 69.94 +4.20
Abstentions 152,673 30.06 –4.20
Registered voters 507,818
Sources[8]
Footnotes:

November 2019 general election[edit]

Summary of the 10 November 2019 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 84,583 25.86 +4.17 2 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 76,028 23.24 –1.97 1 –1
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 68,830 21.04 +6.49 1 ±0
Vox (Vox) 48,827 14.93 +3.75 1 +1
United We Can (PodemosIU) 28,376 8.68 –1.56 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 15,609 4.77 –10.37 0 –1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,856 0.57 –0.28 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 262 0.08 ±0.00 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 259 0.08 –0.04 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (PCTE) 247 0.08 +0.01 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 232 0.07 –0.02 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 187 0.06 –0.02 0 ±0
Libertarian Party (P–LIB) 126 0.04 –0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,667 0.51 –0.13
Total 327,089 5 ±0
Valid votes 327,089 99.17 +0.22
Invalid votes 2,732 0.83 –0.22
Votes cast / turnout 329,821 65.74 –6.64
Abstentions 171,855 34.26 +6.64
Registered voters 501,676
Sources[9]

April 2019 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 April 2019 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 90,534 25.21 +1.69 2 +1
People's Party (PP) 77,902 21.69 –19.86 1 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 54,361 15.14 +0.74 1 ±0
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 52,266 14.55 New 1 +1
Vox (Vox) 40,139 11.18 +10.97 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUEquo) 36,784 10.24 –7.49 0 –1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 3,049 0.85 –0.15 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 427 0.12 –0.06 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 332 0.09 –0.05 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 286 0.08 –0.06 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 274 0.08 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (PCTE) 260 0.07 New 0 ±0
Libertarian Party (P–LIB) 187 0.05 +0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,303 0.64 –0.09
Total 359,104 5 ±0
Valid votes 359,104 98.95 +0.06
Invalid votes 3,806 1.05 –0.06
Votes cast / turnout 362,910 72.38 +3.86
Abstentions 138,501 27.62 –3.86
Registered voters 501,411
Sources[9]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 140,252 41.55 +4.64 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 79,407 23.52 +1.11 1 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUEquo)1 59,845 17.73 –4.56 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 48,626 14.40 –0.85 1 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 3,369 1.00 +0.16 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,051 0.31 –0.51 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 713 0.21 –0.05 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 596 0.18 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 483 0.14 –0.01 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 468 0.14 +0.01 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 156 0.05 ±0.00 0 ±0
Libertarian Party (P–LIB) 147 0.04 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,454 0.73 –0.08
Total 337,567 5 ±0
Valid votes 337,567 98.89 –0.01
Invalid votes 3,781 1.11 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 341,348 68.52 –2.45
Abstentions 156,855 31.48 +2.45
Registered voters 498,203
Sources[9]
Footnotes:

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 129,216 36.91 –15.26 2 –2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 78,460 22.41 –2.82 1 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 62,569 17.87 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 53,371 15.25 New 1 +1
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 15,488 4.42 +0.83 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,943 0.84 +0.49 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,875 0.82 –2.77 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 901 0.26 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 529 0.15 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 461 0.13 –0.03 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 236 0.07 –0.01 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 173 0.05 –0.03 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,849 0.81 –0.37
Total 350,071 5 ±0
Valid votes 350,071 98.90 +0.04
Invalid votes 3,904 1.10 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 353,975 70.97 –0.59
Abstentions 144,796 29.03 +0.59
Registered voters 498,771
Sources[9]

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 183,244 52.17 +2.18 4 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 88,624 25.23 –18.38 1 –1
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 44,010 12.53 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 12,614 3.59 +2.21 0 ±0
United Left of Cantabria: Plural Left (IUC) 12,608 3.59 +1.32 0 ±0
Equo (Equo) 2,482 0.71 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,232 0.35 +0.16 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 578 0.16 +0.03 0 ±0
Enough is Enough, Open Grouping of Political Parties (Basta Ya) 380 0.11 New 0 ±0
Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas) 354 0.10 New 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 277 0.08 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 275 0.08 +0.03 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 269 0.08 +0.02 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 145 0.04 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,157 1.18 –0.05
Total 351,249 5 ±0
Valid votes 351,249 98.86 –0.35
Invalid votes 4,040 1.14 +0.35
Votes cast / turnout 355,289 71.56 –4.82
Abstentions 141,194 28.44 +4.82
Registered voters 496,483
Sources[9]

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 184,853 49.99 –1.91 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 161,279 43.61 +2.74 2 ±0
United Left (IU) 8,395 2.27 –1.04 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 5,094 1.38 New 0 ±0
The Greens of Europe (LVdE) 1,060 0.29 New 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 713 0.19 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 497 0.13 +0.01 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 444 0.12 New 0 ±0
Engine and Sports Alternative (AMD) 394 0.11 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 353 0.10 New 0 ±0
Alternative in Blank (ABLA) 305 0.08 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 302 0.08 +0.02 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 297 0.08 –0.28 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 286 0.08 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 219 0.06 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 175 0.05 –0.14 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 166 0.04 New 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 157 0.04 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 154 0.04 –0.02 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 112 0.03 –0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,551 1.23 –1.02
Total 369,806 5 ±0
Valid votes 369,806 99.21 +0.09
Invalid votes 2,926 0.79 –0.09
Votes cast / turnout 372,732 76.38 –0.85
Abstentions 115,277 23.62 +0.85
Registered voters 488,009
Sources[9]

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 190,383 51.90 –4.94 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 149,906 40.87 +7.40 2 ±0
United Left (IU) 12,146 3.31 –1.71 0 ±0
Cantabrian Nationalist Council (CNC) 1,431 0.39 –0.24 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 1,326 0.36 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 896 0.24 +0.02 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 694 0.19 +0.08 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 500 0.14 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 431 0.12 –0.04 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS)1 209 0.06 ±0.00 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 204 0.06 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 167 0.05 –0.04 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 140 0.04 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 126 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,267 2.25 –0.37
Total 366,826 5 ±0
Valid votes 366,826 99.12 +0.08
Invalid votes 3,244 0.88 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 370,070 77.23 +5.42
Abstentions 109,119 22.77 –5.42
Registered voters 479,189
Sources[9]
Footnotes:

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 189,442 56.84 +6.37 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 111,556 33.47 –2.14 2 ±0
United Left (IU) 16,714 5.02 –6.34 0 ±0
Cantabrian Nationalist Council (CNC) 2,103 0.63 New 0 ±0
Liberal Independent Group (GIL) 1,343 0.40 New 0 ±0
Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS) 743 0.22 –0.18 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 598 0.18 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 536 0.16 –0.02 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 353 0.11 –0.06 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 328 0.10 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 293 0.09 New 0 ±0
Independent Spanish Phalanx–Phalanx 2000 (FEI–FE 2000) 194 0.06 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 Platform (ES2000) 183 0.05 New 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 156 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,726 2.62 +1.02
Total 333,268 5 ±0
Valid votes 333,268 99.04 –0.25
Invalid votes 3,240 0.96 +0.25
Votes cast / turnout 336,508 71.81 –7.50
Abstentions 132,099 28.19 +7.50
Registered voters 468,607
Sources[9]

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 175,651 50.47 +13.44 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 123,940 35.61 –1.56 2 –1
United Left (IU) 39,541 11.36 +3.94 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 1,408 0.40 –1.14 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 640 0.18 +0.02 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 608 0.17 +0.10 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Party (PRT)1 377 0.11 –0.11 0 ±0
Republican Action (AR) 257 0.07 +0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,578 1.60 +0.31
Total 348,000 5 ±0
Valid votes 348,000 99.29 +0.10
Invalid votes 2,477 0.71 –0.10
Votes cast / turnout 350,477 79.31 +0.33
Abstentions 91,457 20.69 –0.33
Registered voters 441,934
Sources[9]
Footnotes:

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 122,418 37.17 –2.90 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 121,967 37.03 –1.38 2 ±0
Union for the Progress of Cantabria (UPCA) 27,005 8.20 New 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 24,453 7.42 +1.02 0 ±0
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 18,608 5.65 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,081 1.54 –8.19 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 1,777 0.54 –0.08 0 ±0
The Ecologists (LE) 855 0.26 –0.57 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 729 0.22 –0.36 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos GroupEuropean Democratic Alliance (ARM–ADE) 557 0.17 –0.57 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 537 0.16 –0.22 0 ±0
Nationalist Party of Cantabria (PNC) 383 0.00 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 239 0.07 –0.05 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 184 0.06 New 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Republican Action (ARDE) 152 0.05 New 0 ±0
Coalition for a New Socialist Party (CNPS)1 147 0.04 –0.05 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,252 1.29 +0.36
Total 329,344 5 ±0
Valid votes 329,344 99.19 +0.27
Invalid votes 2,675 0.81 –0.27
Votes cast / turnout 332,019 78.98 +4.70
Abstentions 88,357 21.02 –4.70
Registered voters 420,376
Sources[9]
Footnotes:

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 119,352 40.07 –4.26 3 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 114,403 38.41 +4.35 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 28,976 9.73 –3.23 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 19,058 6.40 +3.31 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 2,481 0.83 New 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 2,208 0.74 New 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 1,860 0.62 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 1,727 0.58 –0.01 0 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 1,291 0.43 –0.83 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,132 0.38 New 0 ±0
Radicals for Cantabria (RxC) 904 0.30 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 868 0.29 –0.23 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 347 0.12 New 0 ±0
Alliance for the Republic (AxR)3 256 0.09 –0.18 0 ±0
Asturianist Party (PAS) 186 0.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,824 0.95 +0.14
Total 297,873 5 ±0
Valid votes 297,873 98.92 +0.99
Invalid votes 3,245 1.08 –0.99
Votes cast / turnout 301,118 74.28 +0.85
Abstentions 104,263 25.72 –0.85
Registered voters 405,381
Sources[9]
Footnotes:

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 129,041 44.33 –0.67 3 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 99,149 34.06 –4.85 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 37,710 12.96 +7.90 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 8,997 3.09 +0.02 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 3,866 1.33 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 3,664 1.26 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 1,713 0.59 +0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,503 0.52 New 0 ±0
Republican Popular Unity (UPR) 988 0.34 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 948 0.33 +0.19 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 783 0.27 New 0 ±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 331 0.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,371 0.81 +0.22
Total 291,064 5 ±0
Valid votes 291,064 97.93 +0.90
Invalid votes 6,164 2.07 –0.90
Votes cast / turnout 297,228 73.43 –9.24
Abstentions 107,529 26.57 +9.24
Registered voters 404,757
Sources[9]
Footnotes:

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 135,987 45.00 +14.72 3 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 117,567 38.91 +28.61 2 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 16,265 5.38 –36.48 0 –3
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 15,281 5.06 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 9,265 3.07 –3.54 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 1,760 0.58 New 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 1,716 0.57 –3.33 0 ±0
Falangist Mountain UnityFalangist Movement of Spain (UFM–MFE) 827 0.27 +0.02 0 ±0
Spanish Solidarity (SE) 642 0.21 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 421 0.14 New 0 ±0
Communist Unity Candidacy (CUC) 404 0.13 New 0 ±0
Communist League–Internationalist Socialist Workers' Coalition (LC (COSI)) 262 0.09 New 0 ±0
Socialist Party (PS)3 0 0.00 –1.44 0 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 0 0.00 –0.29 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,768 0.59 +0.14
Total 302,165 5 ±0
Valid votes 302,165 97.03 –0.95
Invalid votes 9,250 2.97 +0.95
Votes cast / turnout 311,415 82.67 +12.22
Abstentions 65,297 17.33 –12.22
Registered voters 376,712
Sources[9]
Footnotes:

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Santander
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 108,552 41.86 +1.80 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 78,512 30.28 +1.21 2 +1
Right Independent Group (AID)2 26,707 10.30 –3.97 0 –1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 17,140 6.61 +1.16 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 10,106 3.90 +2.50 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)4 4,014 1.55 +0.91 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh) 3,735 1.44 –2.04 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)5 3,267 1.26 +0.27 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 1,387 0.53 –0.08 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 1,013 0.39 New 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 872 0.34 New 0 ±0
Communist Organization of Spain (Red Flag) (OCE–BR) 772 0.30 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 752 0.29 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx–Falangist Unity (FE–UF) 660 0.25 New 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 643 0.25 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,175 0.45 +0.30
Total 259,307 5 ±0
Valid votes 259,307 97.98 +0.86
Invalid votes 5,351 2.02 –0.86
Votes cast / turnout 264,658 70.45 –10.28
Abstentions 111,008 29.55 +10.28
Registered voters 375,666
Sources[9]
Footnotes:

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Santander
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 102,719 40.06 n/a 3 n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 67,611 26.37 n/a 1 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 36,598 14.27 n/a 1 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 13,971 5.45 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh) 8,914 3.48 n/a 0 n/a
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 6,923 2.70 n/a 0 n/a
Federation of Christian Democracy (FPDID) 5,930 2.31 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Democratic Socialist Party (PSDE) 3,786 1.48 n/a 0 n/a
National Alliance July 18 (AN18) 3,582 1.40 n/a 0 n/a
Workers' Electoral Group (AET) 2,551 0.99 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 1,797 0.70 n/a 0 n/a
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 1,633 0.64 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 391 0.15 n/a
Total 256,406 5 n/a
Valid votes 256,406 97.12 n/a
Invalid votes 7,591 2.88 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 263,997 80.73 n/a
Abstentions 63,011 19.27 n/a
Registered voters 327,008
Sources[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Real Decreto 1037/2022, de 20 de diciembre, por el que se declaran oficiales las cifras de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal referidas al 1 de enero de 2022" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (305): 178928–178933. 21 December 2022. ISSN 0212-033X.
  2. ^ "Ley 1/1977, de 4 de enero, para la Reforma Política". Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977 (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Constitución Española". Act of 29 December 1978 (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  4. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Real Decreto-ley 20/1977, de 18 de marzo, sobre Normas Electorales". Royal Decree-Law No. 20 of 18 March 1977 (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Ley Orgánica 5/1985, de 19 de junio, del Régimen Electoral General". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  7. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  8. ^ "Resolución de 30 de agosto de 2023, de la Presidencia de la Junta Electoral Central, por la que se publica el resumen de los resultados de las elecciones al Congreso de los Diputados y al Senado convocadas por Real Decreto 400/2023, de 29 de mayo, y celebradas el 23 de julio de 2023, conforme a las actas de escrutinio general y de proclamación de electos remitidas por las correspondientes Juntas Electorales Provinciales y por las Juntas Electorales de Ceuta y de Melilla" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (209): 122201–122274. 1 September 2023. ISSN 0212-033X.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Elecciones celebradas. Resultados electorales". Ministry of the Interior (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 April 2022.

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