From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1361 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1361
Ab urbe condita2114
Armenian calendar810
Assyrian calendar6111
Balinese saka calendar1282–1283
Bengali calendar768
Berber calendar2311
English Regnal year34 Edw. 3 – 35 Edw. 3
Buddhist calendar1905
Burmese calendar723
Byzantine calendar6869–6870
Chinese calendar庚子年 (Metal Rat)
4058 or 3851
    — to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
4059 or 3852
Coptic calendar1077–1078
Discordian calendar2527
Ethiopian calendar1353–1354
Hebrew calendar5121–5122
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1417–1418
 - Shaka Samvat1282–1283
 - Kali Yuga4461–4462
Holocene calendar11361
Igbo calendar361–362
Iranian calendar739–740
Islamic calendar762–763
Japanese calendarEnbun 6 / Kōan 1
Javanese calendar1274–1275
Julian calendar1361
Korean calendar3694
Minguo calendar551 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−107
Thai solar calendar1903–1904
Tibetan calendar阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
1487 or 1106 or 334
    — to —
(female Iron-Ox)
1488 or 1107 or 335

Year 1361 (MCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.



Date unknown[edit]

  • In the Marinid Empire in modern-day Morocco, Abu Salim Ibrahim is overthrown by Abu Umar, who is in turn overthrown by Abu Zayyan.
  • The Blue Horde descends into anarchy. Between 1361 and 1378, over 20 khans succeed each other in different parts of the Blue Horde's territory.
  • Chinese rebels capture the Goryeo capital.
  • The earliest known musical keyboard instrument is built, with the layout of black and white keys that becomes standard.[5]




  1. ^ Bauden, Frédéric. "The Qalawunids: A Pedigree" http://mamluk.uchicago.edu/qalawunids/qalawunid-pedigree.pdf (PDF). University of Chicago. Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  2. ^ "History". www.unipv.eu (in Italian). Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  3. ^ Lihammer, Anna (2011). ”Slaget om Visby”. Arkeologiska upptäckter i Sverige. Lund: Historiska Media ISBN 978-91-85873-96-8
  4. ^ Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  5. ^
    Keyboards of Nicholas Faber's organ for Halberstadt, built in 1361 and enlarged 1495. The illustration is from Praetorius' Syntagma Musicum (1619). At the top is the earliest example of the "seven plus five" layout. The bottom two illustrate the earlier "eight plus four" arrangement