John Murphy (Alabama politician)

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John Murphy
4th Governor of Alabama
In office
November 25, 1825 – November 25, 1829
Preceded byIsrael Pickens
Succeeded byGabriel Moore
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835
Preceded byDistrict created
Succeeded byFrancis Strother Lyon
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
In office
Member of the Alabama Senate
In office
Personal details
Columbia, North Carolina, U.S.
DiedSeptember 21, 1841 (aged 54–55)
Clarke County, Alabama, U.S.
Resting placeGosport, Alabama, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic

John Murphy (1786 – September 21, 1841) was the fourth Governor of the U.S. state of Alabama, serving two terms from 1825 to 1829.


Early life[edit]

John Murphy was born in 1786 in Robeson County, North Carolina. He attended South Carolina College, now the University of South Carolina, where he was a member of the Clariosophic Society.[1] Among his classmates at South Carolina College were John Gayle and James Dellet. Gayle also became Governor of Alabama while Dellet became a U.S. Congressman from Alabama.[2] Murphy graduated in 1808.


He became a clerk at the South Carolina Senate. He was a trustee for the University of South Carolina from 1808 to 1818.[3]

In 1818, he moved to Alabama and was elected to the Alabama House in 1820 and the Alabama Senate in 1822. He was elected Governor of Alabama in 1824, and in 1827 he was elected for a second term. He represented Alabama in the United States House of Representatives from 1833 to 1835.

Personal life[edit]

Under the date of April 2, 1834, John Quincy Adams records in his diary that Congressman James Blair "shot himself last evening at his lodgings ... after reading part of an affectionate letter from his wife, to Governor Murphy, of Alabama, who was alone in the chamber with him, and a fellow-lodger at the same house." Diary (New York: Longmans, Green, 1929) p. 434.


He died in 1841 in Clarke County, Alabama.[citation needed] Murphy was buried in Gosport.[4]


  1. ^ South Carolina College: Clariosophic Society, Catalogue of Members in 1842, Lanham Digital Library of Hill Country History at Logan Library at Schreiner University Archived 2010-07-11 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ John Murphy (1825-29) in the encyclopedia of Alabama
  3. ^ "Alabama Governors: John Murphy". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
  4. ^ "Gov. John Murphy". The Clarke County Democrat. September 7, 1905. p. 1. Retrieved April 8, 2023 – via access icon

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Alabama
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
New district Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th congressional district

March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835
Succeeded by