Alabama House of Representatives

Coordinates: 32°22′37″N 86°17′57″W / 32.37694°N 86.29917°W / 32.37694; -86.29917
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Alabama House of Representatives
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
New session started
March 7, 2023
Nathaniel Ledbetter (R)
since January 10, 2023
Speaker pro Tempore
Chris Pringle (R)
since January 10, 2023
Majority Leader
Scott Stadthagen (R)
since November 11, 2022
Minority Leader
Anthony Daniels (D)
since February 8, 2017
Political groups
  •   Republican (75)



  •   Vacant (2)
Length of term
4 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Alabama Constitution
Salary$53,913/yr [1]
Last election
November 8, 2022
(105 seats)
Next election
January 9, 2024
(Special election, 2 seats)
November 3, 2026
(105 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
House of Representatives
Alabama State House
Montgomery, Alabama
Alabama House of Representatives

The Alabama State House of Representatives is the lower house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of state of Alabama. The House is composed of 105 members representing an equal number of districts, with each constituency containing at least 42,380 citizens. There are no term limits in the House. The House is also one of the five lower houses of state legislatures in the United States that is elected every four years. Other lower houses, including the United States House of Representatives, are elected for a two-year term.

The House meets at the Alabama State House in Montgomery.

Legal provisions[edit]

The Alabama House of Representatives is the lower house of the Alabama Legislature, with the upper house being the Alabama Senate. Both bodies are constitutionally required to convene annually at the Alabama State House.[2] In quadrennial election years (e.g. 2018), they convene on the second Tuesday in January.[2] In the first year after quadrennial election years (e.g. 2019), they convene on the first Tuesday in March.[2] In the second and third years of quadrennium (e.g. 2020 and 2021), the Legislature convenes on the first Tuesday in February.[2] From that date of convention, the House of Representatives must meet for 30 legislative days over the course of 105 calendar days.[2]

The legislature is not permitted to call for special sessions, though they may determine the subject of those sessions by a two-thirds vote in the event that they do take place.[2] Special sessions in the Alabama Legislature span 30 calendar days and meet for 12 of them.[2]

Membership requirements[edit]

The Alabama House of Representatives consists of 105 members, each representing single-member legislative districts of equal size. State representatives have a term length of four years, uncommonly lengthy among lower legislative chambers in the United States. Members have been elected in what correspond with United States midterm election years since 1902.

In order to serve in the House, an individual must have attained the age of 21.[2] The person must also be a qualified voter who has resided in the state of Alabama for at least three years and in their legislative district for at least one year.[2] In accordance with Section 46 of the Constitution of Alabama, "the terms of office of the senators and representatives shall commence on the day after the general election at which they are elected, and expire on the day after the general election held in the fourth year after their election."[3] As a result, representatives formally assume their positions on the day after Election Day in early November.


The most powerful individual in the chamber is the Speaker of the House, who is elected by all 105 representatives. Other leadership positions include the Speaker pro tempore (also elected by the entire chamber) and the Majority Leader (elected by the majority party caucus).[2]

The minority party is headed by the Minority Leader, who is elected by the minority party caucus.[2]


Constitutional Amendment 57 provides the methods for setting legislative compensation.[2] Since 2021, representatives earn $51,734 per year.[4] Representatives are also allotted $85 per day for single overnight stays or $100 per day for multiple overnight stays in order to accommodate lodging needs.[2] The presiding officer of the House of Representatives earns an additional $18,000 per year.[2]

No retirement benefits are available to representatives.[2]

Legislative process[edit]

House bills are referred to their committees of jurisdiction by the Speaker.[2] Bills can be introduced at any point in the legislative session.[2]

The Governor of Alabama has the authority to use a line-item veto on appropriations bills as long as they are returned to the legislature before its adjournment. In most circumstances, during the legislative session, the Governor has six days to consider vetoing legislation before it automatically becomes law.[2] If session has concluded, the Governor has 10 days to consider legislation.[2] Vetoes can be overturned by a majority vote in both chambers of the Alabama Legislature.

Legislative staffing[edit]

State representatives are given year-round personal staff at the Capitol, as well as some staff who are shared between members.[2] Representatives for select counties are entitled to shared district office staff.[2] All committees have paid clerical staff, while only some committees have additional professional staff.[2]


Committee members and committee chairpersons are both assigned by the Speaker.[2]

There are currently 33 standing committees in the House.[5] They are as follows:

  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Baldwin County Legislation
  • Boards, Agencies and Commissions
  • Children and Senior Advocacy
  • Commerce and Small Business
  • Constitution, Campaigns and Elections
  • County and Municipal Government
  • Economic Development and Tourism
  • Education Policy
  • Ethics and Campaign Finance
  • Financial Services
  • Fiscal Responsibility
  • Health
  • Insurance
  • Jefferson County Legislation
  • Judiciary
  • Lee County Legislation
  • Limestone County Legislation
  • Local Legislation
  • Madison County Legislation
  • Military and Veterans Affairs
  • Mobile County Legislation
  • Montgomery County Legislation
  • Public Safety and Homeland Security
  • Rules
  • Shelby County Legislation
  • State Government
  • Technology and Research
  • Transportation, Utilities and Infrastructure
  • Tuscaloosa County Legislation


Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of previous legislature 72 33 105 0
Begin previous legislature 77 28 105 0
End of previous legislature 76 27 103 2
Begin 2023 legislative session 77 28 105 0
May 23, 2023[a] 27 104 1
June 30, 2023[b] 76 103 2
August 31, 2023[c] 75 102 3
October 24, 2023[d] 28 103 2
January 9, 2024[e] 76 104 1
January 23, 2024[f] 75 103 2
March 13, 2024[g] 27 102 3
March 26, 2024[h] 28 103 2
Latest voting share 72.8% 27.2%

House leadership[edit]

Position Name Party District
Speaker of the House Nathaniel Ledbetter Republican 24th–Rainsville
Speaker pro tempore Chris Pringle Republican 101st–Mobile
Clerk of the House John Treadwell

Majority Leadership[edit]

Position Name Party District
House Majority Leader Scott Stadthagen Republican 9th–Hartselle
Majority Whip Randall Shedd Republican 11th–Fairview
Majority Caucus Vice-Chair Wes Kitchens Republican 27th–Arab
Majority Caucus Secretary/Treasurer Debbie Wood Republican 38th–Valley

Minority Leadership[edit]

Position Name Party District
House Minority Leader Anthony Daniels Democratic 53rd–Huntsville
Minority Caucus Chair Christopher J. England Democratic 70th–Tuscaloosa
Minority Caucus Vice-Chair Barbara Drummond Democratic 103rd–Mobile
Minority Whips Adline Clarke Democratic 97th–Mobile
Jeremy Gray Democratic 83rd–Opelika
Tashina Morris Democratic 77th–Montgomery
Minority Caucus Secretary/Treasurer Kelvin Lawrence Democratic 69th–Hayneville

House roster[edit]

District Name Party Residence First elected Counties represented
1 Phillip Pettus Rep Killen 2014 Lauderdale
2 Ben Harrison Rep Athens 2022 Lauderdale, Limestone
3 Bubba Underwood Rep Tuscumbia 2022 Colbert, Lauderdale, Lawrence
4 Parker Moore Rep Decatur 2018↑ Limestone, Morgan
5 Danny Crawford Rep Athens 2016 Limestone
6 Andy Whitt Rep Ardmore 2018 Limestone, Madison
7 Ernie Yarbrough Rep Trinity 2022 Franklin, Lawrence, Morgan, Winston
8 Terri Collins Rep Decatur 2010 Morgan
9 Scott Stadthagen Rep Hartselle 2018 Cullman, Marshall, Morgan
10 Marilyn Lands Dem Huntsville 2024↑ Madison
11 Randall Shedd Rep Cullman 2013 Blount, Cullman, Marshall, Morgan
12 Corey Harbison Rep Good Hope 2014 Cullman
13 Matt Woods Rep Jasper 2022 Blount, Walker
14 Tim Wadsworth Rep Arley 2014 Jefferson, Walker, Winston
15 Leigh Hulsey Rep Helena 2022 Jefferson, Shelby
16 Bryan Brinyark Rep Windham Springs 2024↑ Fayette, Jefferson, Tuscaloosa
17 Tracy Estes Rep Winfield 2018 Lamar, Marion, Winston
18 Jamie Kiel Rep Russellville 2018 Colbert, Franklin, Lauderdale
19 Laura Hall Dem Huntsville 1993 Madison
20 James Lomax Rep Huntsville 2022 Madison
21 Rex Reynolds Rep Huntsville 2018↑ Madison
22 Ritchie Whorton Rep Owens Cross Roads 2014 Jackson, Madison
23 Mike Kirkland Rep Scottsboro 2022 DeKalb, Jackson
24 Nathaniel Ledbetter Rep Rainsville 2014 DeKalb
25 Phillip Rigsby Rep Huntsville 2022 Limestone, Madison
26 Brock Colvin Rep Albertville 2022 DeKalb, Marshall
27 Vacant since January 23, 2024.[f] Blount, DeKalb, Marshall
28 Mack Butler Rep Rainbow City 2022 Etowah
29 Mark Gidley Rep Gadsden 2022 Calhoun, DeKalb, Etowah
30 Craig Lipscomb Rep Gadsden 2012 Etowah, St. Clair
31 Troy Stubbs Rep Prattville 2022 Autauga, Elmore
32 Barbara Boyd Dem Anniston 1994 Calhoun, Talladega
33 Ben Robbins Rep Montgomery 2021↑ Clay, Coosa, Talladega
34 David Standridge Rep Oneonta 2012 Blount, Marshall
35 Steve Hurst Rep Munford 1998 Calhoun, Clay, Coosa, Talladega
36 Randy Wood Rep Anniston 2002 Calhoun, Sanit Clair, Talladega
37 Bob Fincher Rep Woodland 2014 Chambers, Cleburne, Randolph
38 Debbie Wood Rep Valley 2018 Chambers, Lee
39 Ginny Shaver Rep Leesburg 2018 Calhoun, Cherokee, Cleburne, DeKalb
40 Chad Robertson Rep Heflin 2022 Calhoun
41 Corley Ellis Rep Columbiana 2016 Shelby
42 Ivan Smith Rep Clanton 2019↑ Autauga, Chilton
43 Arnold Mooney Rep Birmingham 2014 Jefferson, Shelby
44 Danny Garrett Rep Trussville 2014 Jefferson
45 Susan DuBose Rep Hoover 2022 Jefferson, Shelby
46 David Faulkner Rep Homewood 2014 Jefferson
47 Mike Shaw Rep Hoover 2022 Jefferson
48 Jim Carns Rep Vestavia Hills 2011 Jefferson, Shelby
49 Russell Bedsole Rep Alabaster 2020↑ Bibb, Chilton, Shelby
50 Jim Hill Rep Odenville 2014 Saint Clair
51 Allen Treadaway Rep Morris 2006 Jefferson
52 Vacant since March 13, 2024.[g] Jefferson
53 Anthony Daniels Dem Huntsville 2014 Madison
54 Neil Rafferty Dem Birmingham 2018 Jefferson
55 Travis Hendrix Dem Birmingham 2023↑ Jefferson
56 Ontario Tillman Dem Birmingham 2022 Jefferson
57 Patrick Sellers Dem Birmingham 2022 Jefferson
58 Rolanda Hollis Dem Birmingham 2017 Jefferson
59 Mary Moore Dem Birmingham 2002 Jefferson
60 Juandalynn Givan Dem Birmingham 2010 Jefferson
61 Ron Bolton Rep Northport 2022 Pickens, Pickens, Tuscaloosa
62 Bill Lamb Rep Tuscaloosa 2022 Tuscaloosa
63 Cynthia Almond Rep Tuscaloosa 2021↑ Tuscaloosa
64 Donna Givens Rep Loxley 2022 Baldwin, Monroe
65 Brett Easterbrook Rep Fruitdale 2018 Choctaw, Clarke, Marengo, Washington
66 Alan Baker Rep Brewton 2006 Baldwin, Escambia
67 Prince Chestnut Dem Selma 2017 Dallas, Perry
68 Thomas Jackson Dem Thomasville 1994 Clarke, Conecuh, Marengo, Monroe
69 Kelvin Lawrence Dem Hayneville 2014 Autauga, Lowndes, Montgomery, Wilcox
70 Christopher J. England Dem Tuscaloosa 2006 Tuscaloosa
71 Artis J. McCampbell Dem Demopolis 2006 Greene, Marengo, Sumter, Tuscaloosa
72 Curtis Travis Dem Tuscaloosa 2022 Bibb, Greene, Hale, Marengo, Perry
73 Kenneth Paschal Rep Pelham 2021↑ Shelby
74 Phillip Ensler Dem Montgomery 2022 Montgomery
75 Reed Ingram Rep Mathews 2014 Elmore, Montgomery
76 Patrice McClammy Dem Montgomery 2022↑ Montgomery
77 Tashina Morris Dem Montgomery 2018 Montgomery
78 Kenyatté Hassell Dem Montgomery 2021↑ Montgomery
79 Joe Lovvorn Rep Auburn 2016 Lee
80 Chris Blackshear Rep Smiths Station 2016 Lee, Russell
81 Ed Oliver Rep Alexander City 2018 Chilton, Coosa, Tallapoosa
82 Pebblin Warren Dem Tuskegee 2005 Lee, Macon, Tallapoosa
83 Jeremy Gray Dem Opelika 2018 Lee, Russell
84 Berry Forte Dem Clayton 2010 Barbour, Bullock, Russell
85 Rick Rehm Rep Dothan 2022 Henry, Houston
86 Paul Lee Rep Dothan 2010 Houston
87 Jeff Sorrells Rep Hartford 2018 Geneva, Houston
88 Jerry Starnes Rep Prattville 2022 Autauga, Elmore
89 Marcus Paramore Rep Troy 2022 Dale, Pike
90 Chris Sells Rep Greenville 2014 Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Montgomery
91 Rhett Marques Rep Enterprise 2018 Coffee
92 Matthew Hammett Rep Dozier 2022 Coffee, Covington, Escambia
93 Steve Clouse Rep Ozark 1994 Dale, Houston
94 Jennifer Fidler Rep Fairhope 2022 Baldwin
95 Frances Holk-Jones Rep Foley 2022 Baldwin
96 Matt Simpson Rep Daphne 2018 Baldwin, Mobile
97 Adline Clarke Dem Mobile 2013 Mobile
98 Napoleon Bracy Jr. Dem Saraland 2010 Mobile
99 Sam Jones Dem Mobile 2018 Mobile
100 Mark Shirey Rep Mobile 2022 Mobile
101 Chris Pringle Rep Mobile 2014 Mobile
102 Shane Stringer Rep Mobile 2018 Mobile
103 Barbara Drummond Dem Mobile 2014 Mobile
104 Margie Wilcox Rep Mobile 2014 Mobile
105 Chip Brown Rep Mobile 2018 Mobile
  • ↑ Member was first elected in a special election

Past composition of the House[edit]

Throughout most of the state's history, the Democratic Party has held the majority in the Alabama House of Representatives except for a few brief exceptions. The Whig Party controlled the lower house in 1819 and again from 1821 to 1823, and for the last time from 1837 to 1838.

After the Civil War and emancipation, granting of citizenship and the franchise to freedmen, most joined the Republican Party. Politics became competitive for several years. Republicans, white and black, held the majority of seats during the Reconstruction period from 1868 to 1870, and again from 1872 to 1874.

Among the House's historical firsts was the election of its first African-American members in 1868, when 27 black Republicans were elected.[6] Among those African Americans elected to the lower house in 1872 was Rev. Mentor Dotson, a teacher. His granddaughter Helen Elsie Austin in 1930 was the first African-American woman to graduate from University of Cincinnati Law School, and in 1937 the first black and first woman to be appointed as state assistant attorney general of Ohio. She had a career as counsel to several federal agencies, was active in civil rights, and served a decade as a US Foreign Service Officer in Africa.

Beginning in 1876, white Democrats regained control of the state house, through a combination of fraud, intimidation, and armed attacks on Republicans. At the turn of the 20th century, they passed laws that essentially disenfranchised both blacks and poor whites, causing a dramatic drop in voter rolls. Alabama white Democrats helped form the Solid South in Congress. For decades a failure to redistrict according to census returns resulted in the state legislature being dominated by rural counties and conservative Democrats.

In 1922 the first female member was elected to the State House: Hattie Hooker Wilkins of Dallas County, who served a single four-year term.[7]

Some 136 years of Democratic control of the State House ended in November 2010. Beginning with the 2010 general election, Republicans swept to a large majority in the state house. They increased this margin in the elections in 2014 and 2018.

Session history[edit]

Election Session Dates Speaker Composition[i] Map[j]
2014 March 3, 2015 – June 4, 2015 Mike Hubbard (R) 72 Republicans
33 Democrats
February 2, 2016 – May 4, 2016
February 7, 2017 – May 19, 2017 Mac McCutcheon (R)
January 9, 2018 – March 29, 2018
2018 March 5, 2019 – May 31, 2019 77 Republicans
28 Democrats
February 4, 2020 – May 18, 2020
February 2, 2021 – May 17, 2021
January 11, 2022 – April 7, 2022
2022 March 7, 2023 – June 6, 2023 Nathaniel Ledbetter (R)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Democrat Fred Plump (District 55) resigned on May 23, 2023, after being charged with conspiracy and obstruction of justice relating to a wire fraud and kickbacks investigation.[1]
  2. ^ Republican Kyle South (District 16) resigned on June 30, 2023, to become president and CEO of the West Alabama Chamber of Commerce.[2]
  3. ^ Republican David Cole (District 10) resigned on August 31, 2023, after being arrested for illegal voting.[3]
  4. ^ Democrat Travis Hendrix elected to succeed Plump (District 55) [4]
  5. ^ Republican Bryan Brinyark elected to succeed South (District 16) [5]
  6. ^ a b Republican Wes Kitchens (District 27) resigned on January 23, 2024, after being elected to the Alabama Senate.[6]
  7. ^ a b Democrat John Rogers (District 52) resigned effective March 13, 2024 after pleading guilty to conspiracy and obstruction of justice relating to a wire fraud and kickbacks investigation.[7]
  8. ^ Democrat Marilyn Lands elected to succeed Cole (District 10).[8]
  9. ^ At beginning of session.
  10. ^ Immediately following preceding election.


  1. ^ "Budget Fact Book" (PDF). The Alabama Legislature. January 4, 2023. Retrieved July 7, 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w The Book of the States (53 ed.). The Council of State Governments. January 7, 2022. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  3. ^ "Constitution of Alabama, Section 46". Alabama Legislature. Archived from the original on May 18, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  4. ^ Sell, Mary (December 3, 2020). "Alabama lawmakers' p5ay increasing in 2021". WBRC. Alabama Daily News. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  5. ^ "House Standing Committees". Alabama Legislature. Archived from the original on January 13, 2022. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  6. ^ Bailey, Neither Carpetbaggers nor Scalawags (1991)
  7. ^ Dance, Gabby. Alabama Political Reporter, July 24, 2019

External links[edit]

32°22′37″N 86°17′57″W / 32.37694°N 86.29917°W / 32.37694; -86.29917