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Ficus variegata (plant)

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Ficus variegata
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
Subgenus: F. subg. Sycomorus
F. variegata
Binomial name
Ficus variegata
(Blume, 1825)
    • Ficus cordifolia
    • Ficus subracemosa
    • Ficus amboinensis
    • Ficus racemifera
    • Ficus laevigata
    • Ficus subopaca
    • Ficus chlorocarpa
    • Ficus sycomoroides
    • Ficus ilangoides
    • Ficus ehretioides
    • Ficus integrifolia
    • Ficus latsoni
    • Ficus paucinervia
    • Ficus garciae
    • Ficus konishii
    • Ficus glochidiifolia
    • Ficus polysyce
    • Sycomorus capensis
    • Sycomorus gummiflua
    • Urostigma javanicum

Ficus variegata is a well distributed species of tropical fig tree. It occurs in many parts of Asia, islands of the Pacific and as far south east as Australia. There is a large variety of local common names including common red stem fig, green fruited fig and variegated fig. A non strangling fig which may reach 30 metres in height. The tree is evergreen when young but becomes briefly deciduous as it grows older. In Australia the fruit are eaten by cassowaries and double-eyed fig parrots.[1]

Ficus variegata is dioecious, with male and female flowers produced on separate individuals.[2]


Ficus variegata has been described by Carl Ludwig Blume in 1825. In 1965, E. J. H. Corner updated the species by putting some other Ficus in synonymy with F. variegata varieties.[3] Five were listed: F. variegata var. variegata distributed on all the species range, F. variegata var. chlorocarpa from South China, Hainan Island and Thailand, F. variegata var. garciae described as inhabitant of the Pacific Islands (Ryukyu islands, Taiwan and Philippines), F. variegata var. ilangoides in Luzon and northern Borneo, and F. variegata var. sycomoroides in the Philippines and Borneo. Recently, all the varieties have been synonymized under Ficus variegata.[4] Ficus variegata belongs to the subgenus Sycomorus section Sycomorus subsection Neomorphe.

Ficus variegata young figs in Kenting, South Taiwan.
Ficus variegata pollinated figs and parasitic wasps (Sycorictinae) in Kenting, South Taiwan.


Ficus variegata is pollinated by fig wasps from the genus Ceratosolen as are all the fig species from the subgenus Sycomorus. The figs of Ficus variegata have been reported to be eaten by 41 animal species (5 birds, 15 bats, 7 monkeys, 7 marsupials):[5]


  1. ^ "Ficus variegata". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (RFK8). Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANBR), Australian Government. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  2. ^ Kuaraksa, Cherdsak; Elliott, Stephen; Hossaert-Mckey, Martine (2012). "The phenology of dioecious Ficus spp. tree species and its importance for forest restoration projects". Forest Ecology and Management. 265: 82–93. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2011.10.022.
  3. ^ Corner, E. J. H. (1965). "Check-list of Ficus in Asia and Australasia with keys to identification". The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore. (digitised, online, via biodiversitylibrary.org). 21 (1): 1–186. Retrieved 5 Feb 2014.
  4. ^ Berg, C.C.; Corner E.J.H. (2005). "Moraceae". Flora Malesiana. I. Vol. 17. ISBN 1-930723-40-7.
  5. ^ Shanahan, M.; Compton, S.G.; So, S.; Corlett, R. (2001). "Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review". Biological Reviews. 76 (4): 529–572. doi:10.1017/S1464793101005760. PMID 11762492. S2CID 27827864.