Bandung City Regional House of Representatives

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Bandung City Regional House of Representatives

Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Kota Bandung
2019–2024 period
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Tedy Rusmawan (PKS)
since 1 October 2019
Structure
Seats50
Political groups
  PSI (3)
  PDI-P (7)
  NasDem (5)
  PKB (2)
  Demokrat (5)
  Golkar (6)
  PPP (1)
  Gerindra (8)
  PKS (13)
Elections
Open list
Last general election
17 April 2019
Next general election
2024
Website
dprd.bandung.go.id

The Bandung City Regional House of Representatives (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Kota Bandung) is the unicameral municipal legislature of the city of Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. It has 50 members, who are elected every five years, simultaneously with the national legislative election.

History[edit]

A legislature for the city of Bandung was created upon its granting of urban municipality status (Gemeente) by the Dutch East Indies government on 1 April 1906. Upon its founding, the city council had eleven members, which was to include two Native Indonesians. The council was headed by the Assistant Resident. Later, the dedicated position of the mayor of Bandung was separated from the assistant resident, and the mayor led the city council.[1] Together with the city councils of Surabaya and Semarang, Bandung's city council was the first in the Dutch East Indies to have elected women as councillors in 1938.[2]

Following the Indonesian National Revolution, a Provisional Regional House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Sementara/DPRDS) was formed as the city's legislature, with 31 members representing 22 political parties and other organizations being sworn in on 1 October 1950.[3] Within three months from its founding, the body had faced pressure from residents as its members were unelected, but it continued to sit until 1 July 1956 when provisional regional legislatures nationwide were disbanded to be replaced by elected legislators.[3] Following the 1977 election, the legislature had 40 members, including 6 representatives of the armed forces.[3][4] In the 2019 election, the legislature has 50 elected members.[5]

During the Dutch colonial period, after initially being based out of a site of a former coffee packing factory,[6][7] the city council moved to a purpose built city hall in 1927. The legislature continued to use the city hall following Indonesian independence, until it moved to a newer building in 2014.[6][8]

Composition[edit]

Legislators are elected from multi-member electoral districts, with 7 electoral districts in the 2024 election.[9] Following the 2019 legislative election, the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) became the largest party in the legislature with 13 members.[5] The current speaker is Tedy Rusmawan of PKS, serving since 1 October 2019.[10]

Legislative period Golkar PDI-P PPP PAN PKB PD PDS PKS PBB Gerindra Hanura Nasdem PSI Total
2004–2009 6 7 4 6 6 3 11 2 45[11]
2009–2014 6 7 3 1 20 1 9 3 50[12]
2014–2019 6 12 2 1 6 6 7 6 4 50[13]
2019–2024 6 7 1 2 5 13 8 5 3 50[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sejarah Kota Bandung 1945-1979 (PDF) (in Indonesian). Ministry of Education and Culture. 1985. pp. 26–28. Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  2. ^ Franceschet, Susan; Krook, Mona Lena; Tan, Netina (26 October 2018). The Palgrave Handbook of Women's Political Rights. Springer. p. 380. ISBN 978-1-137-59074-9.
  3. ^ a b c Sejarah Kota Bandung 1985, pp. 92–94.
  4. ^ Gadjong, Agussalim Andi (2007). Pemerintahan daerah: kajian politik dan hukum (in Indonesian). Ghalia Indonesia. pp. 145–147. ISBN 978-979-450-527-4.
  5. ^ a b c Nursalsabillah, Annisa (22 July 2019). "Ini 50 Nama Anggota DPRD Kota Bandung Terpilih Periode 2019-2024". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  6. ^ a b "Bangunan Legenda Kota Bandung" (in Indonesian). Bandung City Regional House of Representatives. Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  7. ^ Nursyabani, Fira (3 October 2023). "Sejarah Gedung Balai Kota Bandung, Koffie Pakhuis yang Jadi Gemeente Huis - Ayo Bandung". ayobandung.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 October 2023.
  8. ^ "Ini Gedung DPRD Bandung Baru yang Akan Ditempati Juli". detiknews (in Indonesian). 9 January 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  9. ^ Wamad, Sudirman (8 February 2023). "Daftar Lengkap Dapil Pemilu 2024 Kota Bandung". detikjabar (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  10. ^ "Tedy Rusmawan Jadi Ketua DPRD Kota Bandung". pasjabar.com (in Indonesian). 1 October 2019. Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  11. ^ "RANGKING PEROLEHAN SUARA DAN PEROLEHAN KURSI PARTAI POLITIK PESERTA PEMILU 2004 KOTA BANDUNG" (PDF) (in Indonesian). General Elections Commission. p. 3. Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  12. ^ "Didominasi Muka Baru, Anggota DPRD Kota Bandung Dilantik Besok". detiknews (in Indonesian). 4 August 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  13. ^ "Ini Nama 50 Calon Terpilih Anggota DPRD Kota Bandung". detiknews (in Indonesian). 13 May 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2023.